The Arctic is experiencing dramatic climate changes that also make the region available for greater resource exploitation and transport activity. The Arctic is indeed becoming increasing important in international politics.
The term ‘the Artic’ refers to the sea and land areas around the North Pole. The eight countries that border on the Arctic – Canada, Denmark (Greenland), Finland, Iceland, Norway, the Russian Federation, Sweden and the USA - are all permanent members of the Arctic Council. This area has traditionally been characterized by low tension as well as a low degree of economic exploitation of its natural resources. However, this is now changing, due not least to the effects of climate change.
Questions related to the use of natural resources in the Far North, oil/gas and fish in particular, are central to NUPI’s Arctic research, as are issues of security policy. For Norway, relations to Russia are a major factor in the Far North. Also important is the growing interest shown by other parts of the world in the Artic and its natural resources. A central thematic area for Arctic research at NUPI concerns the effects of climate change, which are already influencing and altering conditions in the region – as seen in the case of the new possibilities for traffic via the Northern Sea Route to Asia.
Sources: Store Norske Leksikon and NUPI.
News about the arctic
3 Mar 2016
How does the Arctic fit into the picture of a two-zone terrain of Russian foreign policy? asks senior research fellow Elana Wilson Rowe in her High North News comment.
Publications about the arctic
2017The Arctic as a booming oil and gas province has been a predominant geopolitical representation of the region. However, the shale gas revolution in the United States and the drop in oil prices since late 2014 has reduced the viability of many high-cost Arctic oil and gas prospects. Little scholarly...
- Publication : ARTIKKEL
: NUPI Policy Brief
2016The security situation in the Arctic has begun to produce a 'regional security complex' (RSC) based on shared regional strategic concerns. However, the geography and politics of the region will prevent this RSC from taking on a military aspect in the near future.
Research projects about the arctic
Can cooperative Russian and Western Arctic policies survive the current crisis in Russian-Western relations? (CANARCT)2016 - 2019 (Ongoing)
This project will addresse Russia's Arctic policy provisions compared with other states. Can cooperative Russian and Western Arctic policies survive the current crisis in Russian-Western relations?
2016 - 2019 (Ongoing)
We know little about the role of science and business actors in contemporary Arctic governance. This project seeks to address this gap
2015 - 2016 (Ongoing)
What roles can the Nordic countries play in China’s emerging European engagement?