There is broad agreement on the core meaning of the term ‘terrorism’, but considerable disagreement about its delimitation.
Terrorism can be seen as strategic actions in which violence or threat of violence is used to create fear, gain attention for a cause, or coerce another party to give in to certain demands. The aim is to achieve effects on others beside the direct victims or targets of the violence. Some analysts reserve the term for non-state actors, while others include state terrorism. Some define acts as terrorism only if the actions are directed at civilian targets, while others include all non-combatants (including military targets not involved in the combat). At NUPI, research on terrorism has concentrated especially on the European rim from North Africa to the Caucasus region, and our main instrument for this research is the research programme the Terror Consortium.
Some questions we seek to answer:
- What are the linkages between terrorism, organized crime, weak states and new forms of organized violence?
- How to distinguish between terrorists and freedom fighters?
- What are the political implications of how the various insurgence groups are defined?
News about terrorism
18 Dec 2017
VIDEO: Watch Charlie Winter's talk on how IS is using strategic communication.
8 Nov 2017
Doctoral Research Fellow at Politihøgskolen (The Police Academy) and Senior Advisor at the Ministry of Local Government and Modernisation, Cato Hemmingby, has published an article that provides an in-depth analysis of the targeting preferences of militant Islamists operating...
Publications about terrorism
: NUPI Report
2017By providing an analysis of the historic dynamics of the Lake Chad Basin region and the common challenges that Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria face, this brief deconstructs common narratives around ‘violent extremism’ held by the policy community; it provides a more nuanced explanation to the drivers...
- Publication : MONOGRAFI
2017(Available in Norwegian only): Ifølge en NUPI-meningsmåling er sikkerhet og forsvar det området i utenrikspolitikken folk prioriterer høyest. Ingen annen sak er viktigere. Nesten 80 prosent anser den sikkerhetspolitiske trusselen mot Norge som middels til veldig høy. Dette skyldes trolig at verden for...
Research projects about terrorism
2018 - 2021 (Ongoing)
The project will look deeper into the New Right in countries such as Russia, the US, and Poland, examining in particular the alternative visions of Western civilisational order that these movements harbour,...
2017 - 2020 (Ongoing)
The aim of this project is to strengthen the ability of UN peace operations to respond to global security challenges and improve their effectiveness.
2017 - 2020 (Ongoing)
HYRES studies the interaction between Islamist movements and the state in the cases of Iraq, Lebanon, Libya and Mali, and is designed to answer the following question: Why do some Islamist groups pursue...