The Challenge of Sustaining Peace: Enhancing and Moving Beyond the United Nations' Peacebuilding Architecture

Book title: Just Security in an Undergoverned World

Publisert: 4. jan. 2018

While demand for international peacebuilding assistance increases around the world, the UN’s Peacebuilding Architecture (PBA) remains a relatively weak player in the peacebuilding field. There are many reasons for the PBA’s shortcomings, including its original design, the Security Council’s uneasy relations with the Peacebuilding Commission (PBC), turf battles within the UN system, and the way peacebuilding is financed in the UN system. Although the 2016 UN Security Council and General Assembly Resolutions seem to have breathed new life into the PBC, the likelihood of the PBC becoming a critical player in international peacebuilding remains slim unless its shortcomings are systematically addressed. The Peacebuilding Fund (PBF) has performed well but is struggling to recapitalize itself. This chapter examines the PBA’s operations since 2005 within the context of the evolution of the peacebuilding field and seeks to assess how the PBA can become a more effective instrument in the UN’s new approach to ‘sustaining peace’. For the PBA to play a more prominent role it would have to become the intergovernmental anchor for the sustaining peace approach, without constraining the intent behind ‘sustaining peace’ as a system-wide responsibility encompassing the entire spectrum of the organization’s activities in peace, security, development and human rights.