Since its establishment in 1949, NATO has been the cornerstone of Norwegian security and defence policy.
During the Cold War, collective defence under Article 5 of the Treaty was the primary function of the Alliance – as a response to Soviet and Warsaw Pact military postures. With the end of the Cold War in 1989, NATO began restructuring itself towards the conduct of peace support operations and other forms of crisis management operations in the Balkans, the Horn of Africa and elsewhere. The ISAF operation (2003–2014) in Afghanistan became the biggest ever, and included numerous non-NATO partner countries. Following Russia’s illegal annexation of Crimea and engagement in Ukraine in 2014, NATO has renewed its emphasis on collective defence. However, the organization is struggling internally after years of massive defence cuts in Europe, leaving the USA to carry over 70% of the total budget. Research at NUPI follows developments in NATO as well as in various member states, among them the USA, France and Poland.
News about nato
8 Sep 2017
Dr. Patrick Cullen (NUPI) presented key findings from his research on hybrid warfare.
5 Jul 2017
This is what NUPI researchers Nina Græger and Wrenn Yennie Lindgren have taken a closer look at in the chapter ‘The Challenges and Dynamics of Alliance Policies: Norway, NATO and the High North’.
Publications about nato
- Publication : KRONIKK
: NUPI Policy Brief
2018States join security alliances to increase their level of security vis-à-vis neighbours that may pose a threat. The deterrence logic that was the main rationale for joining NATO in 1949 still represents the cornerstone of Norway’s security policy. However, belonging to a military alliance can also pose...
2018USAs pågående press på europeiske NATO-land om å bruke minst to prosent av BNP på Forsvaret har som kjent økt i intensistet etter at Trump ble president. Det man ble enige om på Wales-toppmøtet i 2014 var å "arbeide mot å oppnå to prosent innen 2024". Mange land, inkludert Tyskland og Norge,...
Research projects about nato
2018 - 2021 (Ongoing)
NUPI together with 18 partners from across the globe have established an international network to undertake research into the effectiveness of peace operations.
Russia's strategic approaches to Europe: Addressing the puzzle through policy relevant research (StratApproach)2018 - 2020 (Ongoing)
How is Russia’s strategic approach to Europe shaped by its reading of Western intentions and actions and what implications does this approach has for Norway?
2018 - 2020 (Ongoing)
How does technology help to change how we percieve the world and how to act in it?