Since its establishment in 1949, NATO has been the cornerstone of Norwegian security and defence policy.

During the Cold War, collective defence under Article 5 of the Treaty was the primary function of the Alliance – as a response to Soviet and Warsaw Pact military postures. With the end of the Cold War in 1989, NATO began restructuring itself towards the conduct of peace support operations and other forms of crisis management operations in the Balkans, the Horn of Africa and elsewhere. The ISAF operation (2003–2014) in Afghanistan became the biggest ever, and included numerous non-NATO partner countries. Following Russia’s illegal annexation of Crimea and engagement in Ukraine in 2014, NATO has renewed its emphasis on collective defence. However, the organization is struggling internally after years of massive defence cuts in Europe, leaving the USA to carry over 70% of the total budget. Research at NUPI follows developments in NATO as well as in various member states, among them the USA, France and Poland.

News about nato

All news about nato (total 12)

Publications about nato

  • Publication : NUPI Policy Brief

    Why Franco-German leadership on European defense is not in sight

    Emmanuel Macron, already as a presidential candidate, bet heavily on Europe and the Franco-German tandem. This choice, which required a certain amount of political capital, resulted in a number of initiatives, many of them outlined in his September 2017 Sorbonne speech. It also resulted in the...
  • Publication : NUPI Policy Brief

    Tre trender som utfordrer norsk utenrikspolitikk

    (Available in Norwegian only): Denne policy briefen tar utgangspunkt i tre globale trender, og gir en analyse og vurderinger av hva trendene innebærer av utfordringer og muligheter for norsk utenrikspolitikk i tiden fremover: 1. Nye stormakter vokser frem. 2. Migrasjon brer om seg. 3. Utenrikspolitikk...
  • Publication : ARTIKKEL

    Blikket i glasskulen: NATO de neste 70 år

    What is the likely future of NATO? Will the alliance survive the next seventy years? Which challenges will it have to deal with? This article gazes into the future and attempts to identify some plausible scenarios for the years ahead. I argue that NATO will persist, but that is relevance is dependent...
All publications about nato (total 79)

Research projects about nato

All research projects about nato (total 16)