The European Union (EU), established by the 1992 Maastricht Treaty, is a continuation of the European cooperation initiated after the end of the Second World War.
The basic idea underlying the founding of the EU was to draw the countries of Europe into mutual interdependence through greater cooperation. Commitment to binding agreements between members was intended to lessen the likelihood of war and conflict. This increased cooperation has been pursued in depth (by including more and more new members) and in depth (by expanding to more and more political areas). Norway is not a member of the EU, but is closely linked to it through the EEA agreement on economic cooperation, the Schengen Agreement on police cooperation and border controls, and various other agreements. Relations with the EU have become an important component of Norwegian foreign policy.
Learn more about NUPI's research on Europe on the webpage of NUPI Centre for European Studies.
EU research at NUPI focuses on questions such as:
- What is happening within EU foreign policy and defence politics?
- How does the EU handle its neighbourhood relations to the Middle East and North Africa?
- How does the EU deal with issues related to energy security?
- How can the EU handle a new global role after the financial crisis?
- What is the role of small states in shaping the EU and its policies?
NUPI has been a member of the Trans European Policy Studies Association (TEPSA) since November 2015. TEPSA is the first transeuropean research network. Click here for more information about TEPSA.
News about the eu
30 Nov 2018
NEW PODCAST: Ivan Krastev reflects on the crises that has shaped the EU for the past decades, and what this means for the future of the union.
13 Nov 2018
What should the European Union do in order to secure state-building in the Middle East? That was the topic for the NUPI coordinated project EUNPACK's contribution to the MERI Forum 2018.
Publications about the eu
2019This chapter sums up the main findings and looks into challenges the EU will face in the future. This volume examines and addresses several questions dealing with the EU ability to project various types of soft and hard power in EU’s interaction with external energy suppliers and member states and their...
2019External suppliers of energy interested in access to EU energy market use various instruments to influence the process of energy policy-making and promote their interests. This chapter examines how those external suppliers are present in Brussels, their interests in energy policy, the formal and informal...
Research projects about the eu
2018 - 2021 (Ongoing)
NUPI together with 18 partners from across the globe have established an international network to undertake research into the effectiveness of peace operations.
2017 - 2018 (Completed)
In this project, NUPI, together with leading European experts, will map and analyze current developments in the EU in the field of foreign, security and defense policy.
Foto: Etienne Ansotte/EC Audiovisual Sevice
Balancing between integration and autonomy. Understanding the drivers and mechanisms of EU's foreign, security and defense policy (EUFLEX)2019 - 2021 (Ongoing)
The project will investigate the ongoing process towards differentiated integration in European foreign, security and defence policy.