The European Union (EU), established by the 1992 Maastricht Treaty, is a continuation of the European cooperation initiated after the end of the Second World War.
The basic idea underlying the founding of the EU was to draw the countries of Europe into mutual interdependence through greater cooperation. Commitment to binding agreements between members was intended to lessen the likelihood of war and conflict. This increased cooperation has been pursued in depth (by including more and more new members) and in depth (by expanding to more and more political areas). Norway is not a member of the EU, but is closely linked to it through the EEA agreement on economic cooperation, the Schengen Agreement on police cooperation and border controls, and various other agreements. Relations with the EU have become an important component of Norwegian foreign policy.
Learn more about NUPI's research on Europe on the webpage of NUPI Centre for European Studies.
EU research at NUPI focuses on questions such as:
- What is happening within EU foreign policy and defence politics?
- How does the EU handle its neighbourhood relations to the Middle East and North Africa?
- How does the EU deal with issues related to energy security?
- How can the EU handle a new global role after the financial crisis?
- What is the role of small states in shaping the EU and its policies?
NUPI has been a member of the Trans European Policy Studies Association (TEPSA) since November 2015. TEPSA is the first transeuropean research network. Click here for more information about TEPSA.
News about the eu
Conflict sensitivity in focus as the three-year NUPI-led research project on the EU’s crisis response (EUNPACK) organised a final conference in Brussels in March.
25 Mar 2019
Researchers within and beyond Europe have been studying the EU's approach to conflict and crises. Here's what they found out.
4 Mar 2019
Engaging in ongoing conflicts brings with it a set of extraordinary challenges.
Publications about the eu
2019What consequences will Brexit have for EU defence integration? Answering this question, the article analyses the new visions for the future of EU defence that emerged in the debate after the Brexit vote. In doing so, the paper moves beyond institutionalism and argues that a practice approach to Brexit...
2019There are many factors driving the development of European Union (EU) foreign policy. While much of the literature focuses on how particular interests, norms or internal processes within Brussels institutions, this article sheds light on the role of external factors in shaping EU foreign policy through...
Research projects about the eu
Photograph: Hedvig Antoinette Halgunset/Norwegian Armed Forces
2018 - 2019 (Ongoing)
This project will generate concrete policy proposals, particularly in the maritime domain, and look at ways for the United States and Europe, and Norway in particular, to adapt their military division...
Photograph: miguelb/Creative Commons/CC BY-SA 2.0
Why is there not more Nordic cooperation on the international arena, when Nordic politicians so often express a willingness to develop cooperation in this field further? This project aims to build new...
2019 - 2021 (Ongoing)
EU IDEA has a threefold aim, notably to break new ground on differentiated integration in terms of conceptual approach, policies and networks.