Når ‘lommer av effektivitet’ betyr noe politisk: Regulering av utvinningsindustri og beskatning i Uganda og Tanzania

Tir 1 juni 2021
Tid: 15:00 Sted: Zoom Språk: Engelsk Ledige plasser: 200

Vi er glade for å kunngjøre dette semesterets femte og siste Tax for Development Webinar med Anne Mette Kjær (Aarhus universitet). Hun vil presentere studien “When ‘Pockets of effectiveness’ matter politically: Extractive industry regulation and taxation in Uganda and Tanzania”.

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Sammendrag:It is a common view that states in the developing world with substantial extractive natural resource discoveries may not have the capacity to tax and regulate multinational companies in the sector. This study shows that ruling elites in recently resource-rich Tanzania, and in Uganda – expected to become resource-rich in the foreseeable future - have learned from the resource curse: they seek to construct ‘pockets of effectiveness’ (POEs) to regulate and tax natural resources. We explain the political incentives to create such pockets by combining insights from the POE and the Political Settlement literatures.

We argue that POEs are likely to be established in emerging resource-rich countries with three characteristics: some degree of competitive elections; widespread voter expectations of future natural resource prosperity; and absence of powerful domestic firms in the sector who can resist taxation. The political benefits of such POEs are higher revenues that can boost government spending power and, hence, political legitimacy. These outweigh the political costs of establishing POEs, namely rents and patronage foregone. This insight is missed in much of the writings on the impact of natural resource wealth in African countries.

Tax for Development Webinar Series er i fellesskap organisert av CMI og SkattJakt-nettverket og har pågående forskning og tiltak for å styrke innenlands mobilisering av inntekter i utviklingsland, med fokus på Afrika sør for Sahara. Du kan melde deg på det månedlige nyhetsbrevet til Skattjakt-nettverket HER, og lese mer om webseminarserien HER.

Velkommen!