Since its establishment in 1949, NATO has been the cornerstone of Norwegian security and defence policy.

During the Cold War, collective defence under Article 5 of the Treaty was the primary function of the Alliance – as a response to Soviet and Warsaw Pact military postures. With the end of the Cold War in 1989, NATO began restructuring itself towards the conduct of peace support operations and other forms of crisis management operations in the Balkans, the Horn of Africa and elsewhere. The ISAF operation (2003–2014) in Afghanistan became the biggest ever, and included numerous non-NATO partner countries. Following Russia’s illegal annexation of Crimea and engagement in Ukraine in 2014, NATO has renewed its emphasis on collective defence. However, the organization is struggling internally after years of massive defence cuts in Europe, leaving the USA to carry over 70% of the total budget. Research at NUPI follows developments in NATO as well as in various member states, among them the USA, France and Poland.

News about nato

All news about nato (total 12)

Publications about nato

  • Publication : KRONIKK

    Hva om USA ikke kommer?

    (Op-ed available in Norwegian only): Det hjelper ikke med all verdens våpen om man ikke er enige om når man skal bruke dem. Politiske vinder kan fort snu, skriver Karsten Friis i denne kronikken.
  • Publication : NUPI Policy Brief

    The risks of being an ally

    States join security alliances to increase their level of security vis-à-vis neighbours that may pose a threat. The deterrence logic that was the main rationale for joining NATO in 1949 still represents the cornerstone of Norway’s security policy. However, belonging to a military alliance can also pose...
  • Publication : KRONIKK

    Det klamme toprosent-målet

    USAs pågående press på europeiske NATO-land om å bruke minst to prosent av BNP på Forsvaret har som kjent økt i intensistet etter at Trump ble president. Det man ble enige om på Wales-toppmøtet i 2014 var å "arbeide mot å oppnå to prosent innen 2024". Mange land, inkludert Tyskland og Norge,...
All publications about nato (total 67)

Research projects about nato

All research projects about nato (total 13)