The European Union (EU), established by the 1992 Maastricht Treaty, is a continuation of the European cooperation initiated after the end of the Second World War.
The basic idea underlying the founding of the EU was to draw the countries of Europe into mutual interdependence through greater cooperation. Commitment to binding agreements between members was intended to lessen the likelihood of war and conflict. This increased cooperation has been pursued in depth (by including more and more new members) and in depth (by expanding to more and more political areas). Norway is not a member of the EU, but is closely linked to it through the EEA agreement on economic cooperation, the Schengen Agreement on police cooperation and border controls, and various other agreements. Relations with the EU have become an important component of Norwegian foreign policy.
Learn more about NUPI's research on Europe on the webpage of NUPI Centre for European Studies.
EU research at NUPI focuses on questions such as:
- What is happening within EU foreign policy and defence politics?
- How does the EU handle its neighbourhood relations to the Middle East and North Africa?
- How does the EU deal with issues related to energy security?
- How can the EU handle a new global role after the financial crisis?
- What is the role of small states in shaping the EU and its policies?
NUPI has been a member of the Trans European Policy Studies Association (TEPSA) since November 2015. TEPSA is the first transeuropean research network. Click here for more information about TEPSA.
News about the eu
4 Mar 2019
Engaging in ongoing conflicts brings with it a set of extraordinary challenges.
19 Dec 2018
- Nick Sitter
Brexit is in crisis. The options are limited, and they have not changed much since 2016. Now, time is running out. Exiting the EU without an agreement, widely recognized as the worst option, is the default. Moreover, this is no longer simply a question about how to deal...
Publications about the eu
2019There are many factors driving the development of European Union (EU) foreign policy. While much of the literature focuses on how particular interests, norms or internal processes within Brussels institutions, this article sheds light on the role of external factors in shaping EU foreign policy through...
Plugging the capability-expectations gap: towards effective, comprehensive and conflict-sensitive EU crisis response?2019Since the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty in 2009, the European Union (EU) has spent considerable time and energy on defining and refining its comprehensive approach to external conflicts. The knock-on effects of new and protracted crises, from the war in Ukraine to the multi-faceted armed conflicts...
: NUPI Report
2019For decades, Norway has cooperated with the European Union in matters of foreign policy, security and defence. It has thus participated in EU civilian and military operations, aligned itself with EU political declarations and restrictive measures against states and/or individuals, and collaborated with...
Research projects about the eu
Foto: Alexxx Malev/Creative Commons/CC BY-SA 2.0
2019 - 2022 (Ongoing)
GEOPATH is a collaborative research project which aims to build competency in the Georgian research sector as well as producing new insights into the crucial question of Georgia's future strategic...
2018 - 2021 (Ongoing)
NUPI together with 40 partners from across the globe have established an international network to undertake research into the effectiveness of peace operations.
2017 - 2018 (Completed)
In this project, NUPI, together with leading European experts, will map and analyze current developments in the EU in the field of foreign, security and defense policy.