Terrorism and extremism
There is broad agreement on the core meaning of the term ‘terrorism’, but considerable disagreement about its delimitation.
Terrorism can be seen as strategic actions in which violence or threat of violence is used to create fear, gain attention for a cause, or coerce another party to give in to certain demands. The aim is to achieve effects on others beside the direct victims or targets of the violence. Some analysts reserve the term for non-state actors, while others include state terrorism. Some define acts as terrorism only if the actions are directed at civilian targets, while others include all non-combatants (including military targets not involved in the combat). At NUPI, research on terrorism has concentrated especially on the European rim from North Africa to the Caucasus region, and our main instrument for this research is the research programme the Terror Consortium.
Some questions we seek to answer:
- What are the linkages between terrorism, organized crime, weak states and new forms of organized violence?
- How to distinguish between terrorists and freedom fighters?
- What are the political implications of how the various insurgence groups are defined?
News about terrorism and extremism
5 Mar 2020
How do Czechia and Norway assess and respond to a changing international political context?
7 Feb 2020
Why are some communities more likely to experience violent extremism than others?
19 Dec 2019
PREVEX will shed light on how the various drivers of violent extremism operate.
Publications about terrorism and extremism
: Academic article
: Book review
2020The article reviews Cas Mudde’s ‘The Far Right Today’ (2019). The book remarkably summarizes decades of research on the radical and extreme right, arguing that the contemporary far right differs from its pre-2000s antecedents by its mainstream and normalized nature. ‘The Far Right Today’ is an (semi)academic...
Doing Less With More? The Difficult ‘Return’ of Western Troop Contributing Countries to United Nations Peacekeeping2020Among others, the deployment of the UN stabilization mission to Mali (MINUSMA) in 2013 has been characterized by a number of researchers as a ‘return’ of Western troop contributors to United Nations (UN) peacekeeping in Africa. The aim of this report is to look at the reality of that ‘return,’ and whether...
Research projects about terrorism and extremism
Grafikk: NTB Scanpix
2019 - 2020 (Ongoing)
This project shall examine the development and use of risk-assessment tools related to violent extremism, and elucidate the evidential basis on which the tools are built.
Foto: NTB Scanpix
HOW TO PREVENT VIOLENT EXTREMISM? PREVEX will contribute to more effective policies that prevents violent extremism through strengthening societal resilience.
Preventing Violent Extremism in the Balkans and the MENA: Strengthening Resilience in Enabling Environments (PREVEX)2020 - 2023 (Ongoing)
The overarching objective of PREVEX is to put forward more fine-tuned and effective approaches to preventing violent extremism.
2019 - 2020 (Ongoing)
COMFEAR aims to identify key issues of common concern and shared threats as perceived by publics and policymakers in Czechia and Norway.