Need to have or nice to have? Nordic cooperation, NATO and the EU in Norway’s foreign and security policy
Norway is a strong supporter of Nordic cooperation, often votes with the Nordic bloc in multilateral institutions, and participates in Nordic institutions as well as in the Nordic Defence Cooperation (NORDEFCO). Yet when it comes to security, NATO and the transatlantic bonds have always come first. In the post-WW2 era, Norway’s Atlanticist orientation within foreign and security policy has trumped its relations with the Nordic countries and, although here the picture is more diverse, with the EU/CSDP. Arguably, a stronger policy of self-interest facilitated by its petroleum economy has also moved Norway further away from traditional Nordic peacekeeping and towards status seeking vis-à-vis European and NATO allies. ‘Nordic’ values, such as internationalism and solidarity are however central when Norwegian decision-makers’ search for legitimacy and domestic support for its status-seeking policy. Despite recent political developments in Europe and the US, a Nordic ‘turn’ hardly defines current Norwegian foreign and security policy. The claim made in this article is that the Norwegian case suggests that in the field of security, and especially in times of uncertainty, Nordic is ‘nice to have’ but European and transatlantic frameworks still prevail.
- Utgivelsesår: 2018
- Språk: Engelsk
- Tidsskrift: Global Affairs