When The Anarchical Society was published in 1977, the world was on the doorstep of seismic technological change. Telephones were still attached to a cord, letters were a mainstay of private and commercial communication, and computers were housed in universities and military research facilities.

Hedley Bull’s ideas about how social processes between actors mitigate the anarchy of international politics were developed within the context of industrial age technology. He speculated only briefly on how emerging information and communications technology (ICT) might impact on those social processes in the future.

Forty years of extraordinary development in technology – both in terms of scope and scale, have raised many questions, but fewer answers, about how emerging technologies reinforce or contradict what we thought we understood about international relations.

In this seminar Dr Madeline Carr will present her paper "Cyberspace and International Order". Carr is a Senior Lecturer in International Relations with a focus on global cyber security and Internet governance. Her research is embedded in a broad study of the ways in which new technology both reinforces and disrupts conventional frameworks for understanding International Relations and the implications of this for state and global security, order and governance.

Chair is Programme Manager at NUPIs Cyber Security Forum, Niels Nagelhus Schia. He is a former fellow of the NSSR (New School for Social Research) and holds a PhD degree in social anthropology from the University of Oslo.