Skip to content
NUPI skole

Defence and security

What are the central questions related to defence and security?
Publications
Publications
Scientific article

The defence of northern Europe: new opportunities, significant challenges

With Finland and Sweden joining NATO, the Nordics will be united for the first time in a military alliance encompassing not only northern Europe but also the broader transatlantic region. It will eventually fortify northern European security, but several obstacles must be overcome first. NATO has done a formidable job since 2014 in updating its defence plans, cumulating in the Deterrence and Defence of the Euro-Atlantic Area (DDA) family of plans approved in Vilnius 2023. Now Finland and Sweden need to be incorporated into these plans. A more challenging task is to implement NATO's New Force Model which is tremendously ambitious. Finland and Sweden's contributions will be important, but new investments must be made. NATO's Command Structure is yet to be fully reformed and fitted to the DDA. Joint Force Command Norfolk must urgently be staffed, without undue politicization in NATO. Nordic defence buildup can draw on regional cooperation in particular in five areas: in strengthening the area's command design through functional double-hatted headquarters; developing close air power cooperation through e.g. a Combined Joint Air Operations Centre; strengthening total defence cooperation across borders and expanding logistical infrastructure; establishing joint intelligence task forces; and joint training and exercises. The contributions of the United States and United Kingdom are indispensable when it comes to upholding the alliance's guarantee in northern Europe. The recent signing of Defense Cooperation Agreements between the US and the Nordics reinforces this—together with an increased presence of air and naval assets in the region. The same applies to the UK and the Joint Expeditionary Force which now has shifted its focus towards northern Europe. This engagement is a crucial addition to Nordic and NATO plans and activities in a period when growth in Nordic defence structures is occurring at a relatively slow pace. Only after the weaknesses and hurdles are addressed will the deterrence and defence of the region attain a fully credible level.

  • Defence
  • NATO
  • Europe
  • North America
  • The Nordic countries
Screenshot 2024-02-29 at 10.44.44.png
  • Defence
  • NATO
  • Europe
  • North America
  • The Nordic countries
Media
Media
Media

BRICS - en allianse mot verden

BRICS utvidast. Russland overtar samstundes leiarskapen i organisasjonen som utfordrar Vesten. Kva kan skje? NUPI-forskar Julie Wilhelmsen er ein av deltakarane i denne samtala i NRK-programmet Debatt i P2.

  • Security policy
  • Europe
  • Russia and Eurasia
  • The Middle East and North Africa
  • Africa
  • Asia
  • South and Central America
Screenshot 2024-02-27 at 13.07.04.png
  • Security policy
  • Europe
  • Russia and Eurasia
  • The Middle East and North Africa
  • Africa
  • Asia
  • South and Central America
Publications
Publications
Policy brief

Deterrence and (Re)assurance in the High North – Finland and Norway Compared

- Finland and Norway are both frontline states to Russia with a similar deterrence and defense strategy. - Finland’s geopolitical position as a frontline state is mainly defined by the long land border to Russia. Norway is predominantly a maritime frontline state. - Norway is both a frontline state and a rear area for staging support to military operations in the Nordic Region. - Geography is a factor influencing the different approaches in Finland and Norway to foreign military activity near Russia. Also, proximity to nuclear forces and test areas.

  • Defence
  • Security policy
  • NATO
  • Europe
  • Russia and Eurasia
  • The Nordic countries
  • Conflict
Screenshot 2024-02-23 at 10.49.27.png
  • Defence
  • Security policy
  • NATO
  • Europe
  • Russia and Eurasia
  • The Nordic countries
  • Conflict
Rethinking radicalisation and resilience in Mali and the Sahel
Podcast

Rethinking radicalisation and resilience in Mali and the Sahel

What does resilience against radicalisation and violent extremism look like in Mali and the Sahel? And which drivers are present for the spread of...

  • Defence
  • Terrorism and extremism
  • Africa
  • Defence
  • Terrorism and extremism
  • Africa
Security realities of freezing politics and thawing landscapes in the Arctic
Podcast

Security realities of freezing politics and thawing landscapes in the Arctic

Russia’s re-invasion of Ukraine in 2022 has had immediate and ongoing effects for Arctic security and cooperative governance at both a regional an...

  • Security policy
  • Russia and Eurasia
  • The Arctic
  • Security policy
  • Russia and Eurasia
  • The Arctic
NUPIpodden #9: Cybersikkerhet: Bør du bekymre deg?
Podcast

NUPIpodden #9: Cybersikkerhet: Bør du bekymre deg?

I denne ferske episoden av NUPIpodden forklarer NUPI-forsker Lars Gjesvik om hva cybersikkerhet faktisk dreier seg om, hvem som kan stå bak cybera...

  • Defence
  • Security policy
  • Cyber
  • Defence
  • Security policy
  • Cyber
NUPIpodden #10: Hva skjer med EUs forsvar?
Podcast

NUPIpodden #10: Hva skjer med EUs forsvar?

Vi ser nærmere på det europeiske forsvarssamarbeidet – og hva Brexit kan ha å si for forsvar og sikkerhet i Europa. NUPI-forsker Øyvind Svendsen s...

  • Security policy
  • Foreign policy
  • Fragile states
  • Security policy
  • Foreign policy
  • Fragile states
NUPIpodden #12: Kan du forvente hjelp fra Norge hvis du kommer i trøbbel i utlandet?
Podcast

NUPIpodden #12: Kan du forvente hjelp fra Norge hvis du kommer i trøbbel i utlandet?

Skal vi hente hjem fremmedkrigere som har reist til Syria for å slutte seg til IS? Brukte norske myndigheter for mye penger på å få hjem to drapsd...

  • Security policy
  • Diplomacy
  • Foreign policy
  • The Nordic countries
  • Humanitarian issues
  • Governance
  • Security policy
  • Diplomacy
  • Foreign policy
  • The Nordic countries
  • Humanitarian issues
  • Governance
NUPIpodden #13: Trusselen fra teknologien – slik kan demokratiet hackes
Podcast

NUPIpodden #13: Trusselen fra teknologien – slik kan demokratiet hackes

Hvor lett er det egentlig å hacke demokratier? Hva kan hackerne faktisk gjøre? Og hvor sannsynlig er det at noen prøver å hacke norske valg? I epi...

  • Security policy
  • Cyber
  • Humanitarian issues
  • Security policy
  • Cyber
  • Humanitarian issues
NUPIpodden #14: Den usynlige opprustningen i Sør-Korea
Podcast

NUPIpodden #14: Den usynlige opprustningen i Sør-Korea

Det er i ferd med å skje noe i nabolandet til et av verdens mest kjente diktaturer. Mens Kim Jong-un og Nord-Korea ofte tar oppmerksomheten med te...

  • Defence
  • Security policy
  • Asia
  • Nation-building
  • Defence
  • Security policy
  • Asia
  • Nation-building
1 - 10 of 1273 items