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Oceania

Oceania is characterized by its rich cultural heritage, unique ecosystems, and strategic importance.

Oceania's role in international politics is multifaceted, influenced by its strategic location, natural resources, and environmental concerns. The region plays a key role in global issues such as climate change, due to its vulnerability to rising sea levels and extreme weather events.
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Center

Norwegian Centre for Geopolitics (GEOPOL)

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Publications
Policy brief

Loss of Tonga’s telecommunication – what happened, how was it managed and what were the consequences?

In January 2022 the subsea volcano Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha’apai in Tonga had a major eruption which also cut the country’s communication lines nationally, between Tonga’s inhabited islands and the outside world. The damage led to a complete halt in international communication (a “digital darkness”) which meant that, in the period immediately after the outbreak, not much was known about the extent of the damage in Tonga. Due to very limited access to contact with both the authorities and the population of Tonga, it was only during overflights carried out by the Australian and New Zealand air forces that one could begin to map the extent of the damage and the need for assistance.

  • Oceania
  • Climate
  • Energy
  • Oceans
Screenshot 2023-01-23 at 13.58.00.png
  • Oceania
  • Climate
  • Energy
  • Oceans
Tinatin  Osmonova

Tinatin Osmonova

Former employee

Tinatin Osmonova was a Visiting Research Fellow at NUPI in 2022.

  • International economics
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  • International economics
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Publications
Publications
Scientific article

The GeGaLo index: Geopolitical gains and losses after energy transition

This article presents the GeGaLo index of geopolitical gains and losses that 156 countries may experience after a full-scale transition to renewable energy. The following indicators are considered for inclusion in the index: fossil fuel production, fossil fuel reserves, renewable energy resources, governance, and conflict. Some of these represent potential gains; some represent losses; and some the capacity of countries to handle changes in geopolitical strength. Five alternative versions of the index are developed to work out the optimal design. First, the energy resource indicators are combined with equal weights to create two simple versions of the index. Next, governance and conflict indicators are included to create three more complex versions of the index. The index provides useful pointers for strategic energy and foreign policy choices: geopolitical power will be more evenly distributed after an energy transition; Iceland will gain most; Russia may be one of the main holders of stranded geopolitical assets; China and the USA will lose more geopolitically than foreseen by other analyses. The index also indicates a lack of emphasis in parts of the literature on space for renewable energy infrastructure and on domestically sourced coal for the current strength of countries such as China and the United States.

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Event
15:30 - 16:30
NUPI
Engelsk
Event
15:30 - 16:30
NUPI
Engelsk
23. Apr 2019
Event
15:30 - 16:30
NUPI
Engelsk

Norway and New Zealand - common challenges, common solutions?

Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs in New Zealand, Rt. Hon Winston Peters, visits NUPI on 24 April.