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Russia and Eurasia

The Russian Federation is the dominant country in Eurasia.

Russia’s foreign policy is a central theme in NUPI’s research on Russia and Eurasia. Also important are energy and economic issues, given Russia’s standing as a major producer of oil and gas. Other priority research fields are ethnicity, nation-building, nationalism and national identity, as well as democracy and human rights.
Media
Media
Media

BRICS - en allianse mot verden

BRICS utvidast. Russland overtar samstundes leiarskapen i organisasjonen som utfordrar Vesten. Kva kan skje? NUPI-forskar Julie Wilhelmsen er ein av deltakarane i denne samtala i NRK-programmet Debatt i P2.

  • Security policy
  • Europe
  • Russia and Eurasia
  • The Middle East and North Africa
  • Africa
  • Asia
  • South and Central America
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  • Security policy
  • Europe
  • Russia and Eurasia
  • The Middle East and North Africa
  • Africa
  • Asia
  • South and Central America
Publications
Publications
Scientific article

Russian-speakers in Estonia: A Minority Without Agency

This article explores the conditions of the Russian-speaking minority in Estonia and sees the development of these conditions as a product of an interaction between the nationalizing state, the Russian-speaking minority, the minority’s “kin state”, and the international community; a framework dubbed the “quadratic nexus” by David J. Smith, expanding upon the theories of Rogers Brubaker. This article provides an updated empirical analysis of the impact of the quadratic dynamic in Estonian minority relations, as the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine has shifted the balance of power between the agents in Smith’s nexus. The result of this shift is that the conditions of the Russian-speaking minority are now almost entirely decided by the nationalizing state, influenced by Russian aggression. The Russian Federation has made the protection of minority rights in Estonia increasingly difficult by pressuring the Estonian political elite to take an even more conservative stance on nationality policies as a response to the perceived threat from their neighbor in the east, in addition to reinforcing international indifference to minority rights in Estonia. This, combined with the preexisting socio-economic conditions of the Russian-speaking minority has led to the near total loss of the minority’s agency. The article is in Norwegian only.

  • Europe
  • Russia and Eurasia
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  • Europe
  • Russia and Eurasia
Publications
Publications
Policy brief

Deterrence and (Re)assurance in the High North – Finland and Norway Compared

- Finland and Norway are both frontline states to Russia with a similar deterrence and defense strategy. - Finland’s geopolitical position as a frontline state is mainly defined by the long land border to Russia. Norway is predominantly a maritime frontline state. - Norway is both a frontline state and a rear area for staging support to military operations in the Nordic Region. - Geography is a factor influencing the different approaches in Finland and Norway to foreign military activity near Russia. Also, proximity to nuclear forces and test areas.

  • Defence
  • Security policy
  • NATO
  • Europe
  • Russia and Eurasia
  • The Nordic countries
  • Conflict
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  • Defence
  • Security policy
  • NATO
  • Europe
  • Russia and Eurasia
  • The Nordic countries
  • Conflict
Abkhazia between Russia and the outside world
Podcast

Abkhazia between Russia and the outside world

De facto states - states that have failed to win international recognition - have long been understudied 'blank spots,' overlooked in academic lit...

  • Diplomacy
  • Foreign policy
  • Russia and Eurasia
  • Conflict
  • Fragile states
  • Governance
  • Diplomacy
  • Foreign policy
  • Russia and Eurasia
  • Conflict
  • Fragile states
  • Governance
Putin’s potential headache: The anti-mobilization protests in North Caucasus
Podcast

Putin’s potential headache: The anti-mobilization protests in North Caucasus

After Vladimir Putin’s announcement of the partial mobilization of the war in Ukraine in September, people, and in particular women, took to the s...

  • Russia and Eurasia
  • Humanitarian issues
  • Conflict
  • Fragile states
  • Russia and Eurasia
  • Humanitarian issues
  • Conflict
  • Fragile states
Russian youth, war, and independent journalists in exile
Podcast

Russian youth, war, and independent journalists in exile

The Russian online magazine DOXA is this year's winner of the Norwegian Student Peace Prize. The committee highlights their work exposing corrupti...

  • Russia and Eurasia
  • Humanitarian issues
  • Conflict
  • Human rights
  • Russia and Eurasia
  • Humanitarian issues
  • Conflict
  • Human rights
Security realities of freezing politics and thawing landscapes in the Arctic
Podcast

Security realities of freezing politics and thawing landscapes in the Arctic

Russia’s re-invasion of Ukraine in 2022 has had immediate and ongoing effects for Arctic security and cooperative governance at both a regional an...

  • Security policy
  • Russia and Eurasia
  • The Arctic
  • Security policy
  • Russia and Eurasia
  • The Arctic
NUPIpodden#4: Utenrikspolitikk i de falske nyhetenes tid
Podcast

NUPIpodden#4: Utenrikspolitikk i de falske nyhetenes tid

Hvor stort problem er egentlig propaganda og falske nyheter - og hvor stor del av problemet er Russland? Kjenner vi til forsøk på russisk påvirkni...

  • Diplomacy
  • Foreign policy
  • Russia and Eurasia
  • Diplomacy
  • Foreign policy
  • Russia and Eurasia
NUPIpodden#5: Putin for alltid?
Podcast

NUPIpodden#5: Putin for alltid?

18. mars går russerne til valglokalene for å stemme i det som kan omtales som et svært lite spennende valg om ny president. Vladimir Putin er alle...

  • Russia and Eurasia
  • Governance
  • Russia and Eurasia
  • Governance
Publications
Publications
Policy brief

Utenrikspolitikkens mål er å gjøre innenrikspolitikken mulig

This policy brief is in Norwegian only.

  • International economics
  • Economic growth
  • International investments
  • Foreign policy
  • Europe
  • Russia and Eurasia
  • The Middle East and North Africa
  • Asia
  • Conflict
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  • International economics
  • Economic growth
  • International investments
  • Foreign policy
  • Europe
  • Russia and Eurasia
  • The Middle East and North Africa
  • Asia
  • Conflict
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