What are the biggest global challenges to the stability of cyberspace today? To what extent can norms and policy development guide responsible state and non-state behavior in cyberspace? And what are the best arenas for producing such norms and guidance?

10 years of experience

A series of cyber attacks began 27 April 2007 that swamped websites of Estonian organizations, including Estonian parliament, banks, ministries, newspapers and broadcasters.

Since then Marina Kaljurand, former minister of foreign affairs in Estonia (2015-2016) and currently chair for the Global Commission on the Stability of Cyberspace, has worked on cybersecurity related issues.

'Cyber doesn't have borders. If you ewant to succeed in cyersecurty, you have to cooperate with others. Cybersecurity is a security topic where government alone can’t do anything,' mrs. Kaljurand said when she gave a talk on global governance of cyberspace at NUPI on 8 December.

  • Listen to the talk as NUPI podcast.

Five lessons learned

Kaljurand gave an overview of five important lessons learned from Estonia after the 2007 cyberattacks. In particular, she stressed the importance of cooperation with other stakeholdrs in the cyber field, as privat sector, academia, civil society and IT experts - a 'multi-stakeholder approach'.

Want to know more about NUPI's research on cyber? Visit our Cyber Security Centre.