Migration and Development: Sharing knowledge between Norway and Poland (MiDeShare)

2019 - 2021 (Completed) Project number: 22730-1
Research project
The aim of this project is to improve our understanding of the relationship between migration and development in order to suggest more effective policies for addressing root causes of migration in weak and fragile states.

There is a widespread perception that development is the best way to stop mass migration from Global South to Europe. Yet the relationship between the two is more complex – rising incomes and growing economies can both hamper as well as facilitate emigration from developing countries.

Increased economic growth can lead to less migration, but not in isolation from broader development processes, including legitimate and transparent institutions and credible democratization that increases citizens’ trust in their states and their own long-term well-being. This means we need to better understand this relationship to design and implement development cooperation policy that address real root causes of migration in weak and fragile states.

Norway is an experienced donor with hard-learned lessons on the impact of development assistance, including how it may affect migration patterns. Poland is an interesting case study in itself as it undergoes transformation from emigration to immigration country. Poland is also expanding its development cooperation policy to focus more on root causes of migration in Africa and Middle East. This gives the two countries an excellent opportunity to share their experiences and develop more effective responses to challenges in EU neighborhood.

Funding program

The project is funded by Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA grants.


Bildet viser båtmigranter fra Libya i en gummibåt til havs i 2018

New project examines root causes of migration in Africa and the Middle East

September 27, 2019

What is the relationship between migration and development?


Publication : Report

Can Aid Solve the Root Causes of Migration? A Framework for Future Research on the Development-Migration Nexus

An important dimension of the European Union’s response to the 2015 refugee and migration management crisis has been to address the root causes of irregular ...

Much Ado About Very Little? Migration-Linked Development Assistance — the Cases of Poland and Norway

In response to the migration management crisis that peaked in Europe in 2015-2016, the EU institutions and some European states promised to address the ...
Publication : Report

The External Dimension of EU Migration Management: The Role of Aid

Aid is seen as a key EU instrument in addressing the root causes of migration, but it has not been decisive for the drastic reduction of irregular arrivals ...

Project Manager

Patryk Kugiel

Senior Analyst, PISM

Conflict  Migration  Development policy  Africa  The Middle East and North Africa  Humanitarian issues  Fragile states

Henriette Ullavik Erstad

Former employee

  • Patryk Kugiel, The Polish Institute of International Affairs (PISM)
  • Katarzyna Michalska, The Polish Institute of International Affairs (PISM)