The image shows Norwegian KNM Steil during Arctic Hawk exercise 2019
Photograph: Hedvig Antoinette Halgunset/Norwegian Armed Forces

Revitalizing Transatlantic Maritime Security

2018 - 2019 (Completed)
Research Project
This project will generate concrete policy proposals, particularly in the maritime domain, and look at ways for the United States and Europe, and Norway in particular, to adapt their military division of labor both to improve the Alliance's military effectiveness and to show to domestic audiences that all allies and partners gave "skin in the game". It will also work to help shape the Alliance’s maritime strategy (last updated in 2011), which is slated for an overhaul.

European and transatlantic security is increasingly jeopardized by a resurgent, revanchist, and more capable Russia. The Russian strategy, it seems, is to split unity within the West: both in Europe and across the Atlantic.

At the same time, US President Donald Trump, and several other US senior security voices, have repeatedly criticized the uneven burden sharing in NATO, indicating that failure to address this may undermine the very solidarity underpinning the Alliance.

In this environment, it is increasingly important for the United States and its European allies and partners to demonstrate a more equitable and adapted division of labor in the military domain. This will be important both in demonstrating to Russia the common resolve and commitment of the allies, and by demonstrating to the American and European populaces that this division of labor is fair and thus sustainable.

For most European allies it will take time to reach the pledged defense budgets of 2% of GDP.

An important question therefore is what else Europe can do to contribute to transatlantic security?

This project will generate concrete policy proposals, particularly in the maritime domain, and look at ways for the United States and Europe, and Norway in particular, to adapt their military division of labor both to improve the Alliance's military effectiveness and to show to domestic audiences that all allies and partners gave "skin in the game". It will also work to help shape the Alliance’s maritime strategy (last updated in 2011), which is slated for an overhaul.

The project will take stock of the main gaps in NATOs combined maritime capacities. We will assess current maritime force structure, planned procurement and upgrades through the alliance to 2030. These data will be compared to similar developments in the states perceived as potential challengers, mainly Russia and China. This will enable us to identify the main capability gaps and main challenges for NATO’s collective maritime defense during the next decade. This gap analysis will identify critical shortcomings, and to point to measures to rectify them.

The study will also seek to bring forward creative ideas as how to fill these gaps, by smart investments, private-public partnership or by applying new technological or operational solutions. We will emphasis ideas where Norway and the United States both could contribute, or benefit from the solutions. We aim to identify critical gaps in capability and to produce ideas and concept that may close those gaps. Such concepts can also be fed into ongoing processes, such as the development of NATO’s maritime posture.


Publications

Publication : Report

US-Norway Bilateral Defense Agreements: a partnership that strengthens NATO

2020
The defense partnership between the United States and Norway plays a crucial role for both American and Norwegian national defense. Less understood is ...
Publication : Report

Lack of Modern Connectors: The Challenge of Moving Marines from Ship-to-Shore or Intratheater in a New Warfighting Environment

2019
As the Marine Corps retools its force design to fit roles and missions in an era of great power competition, it will always have to consider how the force ...
Publication : Popular scientific article

Not Enough Maritime Capability. The Challenge of Reinforcing Europe

2019
Russia’s resurgence has meant that the United States again must seriously consider a possible conflict in Europe in its military plans. Central to the ...
Publication : Popular scientific article

Bridging the Atlantic. A Norwegian Contribution to US Sealift

2019
There is currently considerable concern with US capacity to muster the acquired number of sealift vessels needed to swiftly deploy forces overseas. Norway ...
Publication : Popular scientific article

Building on Strength. Proposals for US-Norwegian Cooperation on the Operational and Tactical Level

2019
This paper suggests that the existing practice of deploying United States Marine Core (USMC) units from Marine Corps Prepositioning Program-Norway (MCPP-N) ...

Project Manager

Patrick J. Cullen

Former employee

Themes
Oceans  NATO  Security policy  Europe  North America  The EU  Defence
Participants

Karsten Friis

Senior Research Fellow, Head of Research group on security and defense

 

External

External Partners: