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North America

The transatlantic security cooperation is a main pillar in Norwegian security and defence policy.

At NUPI we study the consequences of the increasing great power rivalry between the US and China and how US foreign policy affects Norway and Europe.
Publications
Publications
Scientific article

The defence of northern Europe: new opportunities, significant challenges

With Finland and Sweden joining NATO, the Nordics will be united for the first time in a military alliance encompassing not only northern Europe but also the broader transatlantic region. It will eventually fortify northern European security, but several obstacles must be overcome first. NATO has done a formidable job since 2014 in updating its defence plans, cumulating in the Deterrence and Defence of the Euro-Atlantic Area (DDA) family of plans approved in Vilnius 2023. Now Finland and Sweden need to be incorporated into these plans. A more challenging task is to implement NATO's New Force Model which is tremendously ambitious. Finland and Sweden's contributions will be important, but new investments must be made. NATO's Command Structure is yet to be fully reformed and fitted to the DDA. Joint Force Command Norfolk must urgently be staffed, without undue politicization in NATO. Nordic defence buildup can draw on regional cooperation in particular in five areas: in strengthening the area's command design through functional double-hatted headquarters; developing close air power cooperation through e.g. a Combined Joint Air Operations Centre; strengthening total defence cooperation across borders and expanding logistical infrastructure; establishing joint intelligence task forces; and joint training and exercises. The contributions of the United States and United Kingdom are indispensable when it comes to upholding the alliance's guarantee in northern Europe. The recent signing of Defense Cooperation Agreements between the US and the Nordics reinforces this—together with an increased presence of air and naval assets in the region. The same applies to the UK and the Joint Expeditionary Force which now has shifted its focus towards northern Europe. This engagement is a crucial addition to Nordic and NATO plans and activities in a period when growth in Nordic defence structures is occurring at a relatively slow pace. Only after the weaknesses and hurdles are addressed will the deterrence and defence of the region attain a fully credible level.

  • Defence
  • NATO
  • Europe
  • North America
  • The Nordic countries
Screenshot 2024-02-29 at 10.44.44.png
  • Defence
  • NATO
  • Europe
  • North America
  • The Nordic countries
Event
10:00 - 11:30
NUPI
Engelsk
US-China-rivalry_NTB_XrtvUx0x9Gc.jpg
Event
10:00 - 11:30
NUPI
Engelsk
26. Feb 2024
Event
10:00 - 11:30
NUPI
Engelsk

How can China and USA compete without making war?

The world is rife with conflict and China and USA are engaged in intensified competition and rivalry. What will it take to steer the two superpowers from ending in armed conflict?

Media
Media
Media

Climate and Russia - Does the world need nuclear power?

The rising global temperature must be restricted to well below a two-degree increase. It’s crucial to make electricity production carbon neutral as quickly as possible. Is nuclear power the new game changer for achieving this ambitious goal? In this documentary from DW, NUPI Research Professor Kacper Szulecki is interviewed about nuclear energy.

  • Europe
  • Russia and Eurasia
  • North America
  • Energy
Screenshot 2024-02-13 at 09.57.24.png
  • Europe
  • Russia and Eurasia
  • North America
  • Energy
NUPIpodden #18: USA hjemme og ute i verden
Podcast

NUPIpodden #18: USA hjemme og ute i verden

Høstens valg blir kun et slag i den større kampen om den amerikanske sjela. Hva USA skal representere – hjemme og ute i verden – er ikke avgjort....

  • International economics
  • Globalisation
  • Foreign policy
  • North America
  • Governance
  • International economics
  • Globalisation
  • Foreign policy
  • North America
  • Governance
AI and Geopolitics
Podcast

AI and Geopolitics

How should we regulate AI? How will AI impact the power balance between the US and China? And how does Microsoft navigate this complex landscape?...

  • Cyber
  • International economics
  • Diplomacy
  • Foreign policy
  • Asia
  • North America
  • Cyber
  • International economics
  • Diplomacy
  • Foreign policy
  • Asia
  • North America
Polarisering
Podcast

Polarisering

Stormingen av den amerikanske kongressen blir ofte omtalt som et resultat av polarisering. Men hva er egentlig polarisering, og på hvilke måter ka...

  • Foreign policy
  • North America
  • Nationalism
  • Insurgencies
  • Foreign policy
  • North America
  • Nationalism
  • Insurgencies
Articles
Articles

PODCAST: How to Become a Hegemon

The World Stage unpacks great power politics and how a potential hegemon can attract allies.
  • Defence
  • International economics
  • Foreign policy
  • Europe
  • Asia
  • North America
  • Governance
  • Historical IR
Publications
Publications
Report

Stormaktenes militærmakt: Militær kapasitet og muligheter for å bidra med forsterkninger til Norge

This report is in Norwegian only. Norsk forsvarspolitikk bygger på en tro på at medlemskapet i NATO og partnerskap med viktige allierte vil sikre at Norge får militære forsterkninger dersom en krig bryter ut. Kollektivt forsvar og bilateralt samarbeid er to av tre grunnpilarer i det norske forsvarskonseptet (Figur 1). USA, Storbritannia, Tyskland og Frankrike er regnet som de viktigste stormaktene i NATO. Denne rapporten gir et bilde av hvordan disse stormaktenes væpnede styrker er utformet, hvordan de utvikler seg, hva de er i stand til å gjøre, og hvor mye de kan gjøre på en gang. Hensikten er å forbedre forståelsen av hva Norge kan forvente å få av militær støtte i krig.

  • Defence
  • Security policy
  • Europe
  • North America
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  • Defence
  • Security policy
  • Europe
  • North America
Publications
Publications
Report

Mapping renewable energy policy development at the state level in Mexico

This report maps renewable energy policy development at the state (provincial) level in Mexico and tracks early experiences with renewable energy deployment in four selected Mexican states. “Renewable energy policy” refers to the policy instruments that state governments have adopted to facilitate renewable energy deployment (e.g., long-term climate and energy strategies and subsidies), and the institutionalization of these instruments through the establishment of state entities responsible for their implementation (e.g., state energy agencies).

  • North America
  • Energy
  • Governance
R623.PNG
  • North America
  • Energy
  • Governance
Publications
Publications
Policy brief

A role for state governments in social licensing for renewable energy projects in Mexico

In Mexico, energy governance has mainly been a federal matter. However, the state (regional) governments, motivated by environmental and climate concerns, economic development opportunities, and social community needs, have recently started to explore ways to facilitate renewable energy development. But although state governments claim renewable energy reduces energy poverty and express support for a just transition, these projects do not seem to have social licenses—explicit support for them to proceed—at the local community level. The discrepancy between rhetoric and reality is related to the way these projects are negotiated and implemented. In this policy brief we examine two paths that the Mexican states can take to improve the social licensing of renewable energy projects. First, they can establish a framework for ethical conduct and evaluation of the potential impacts of renewable energy projects, including elements such as adherence to international standards, inclusive planning processes, and environmental and social impact assessments. Second, they can implement proactive, engagement-focused measures that empower state and local governments to facilitate renewable energy projects and reduce transaction costs.

  • North America
  • Energy
  • Governance
PB923.PNG
  • North America
  • Energy
  • Governance
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