Europe in transition – Small states and Europe in an age of global shifts (EUNOR)

2014 - 2017 (Completed) Project number: 238017/F10
Research Project
What is the significance of the EU for small states in Europe today?

In this project we investigate how small states in general and Norway in particular balance between autonomy and integration.

We have studied how small states within and outside the EU responds to, adjusts, and adapts to the current European transition.

In the case of Norway, we have investigated how this plays out in both areas that are fully and partly covered by agreements with the EU (Internal market/EEA affairs, energy, foreign, security and defence) and in areas with no agreements with the EU (external trade and investments).

EUNOR is multi-disciplinary: involving economists, legal scholars and political scientists. It is a inter-institutional partnership between strong research milieus in Norway, and it is supported by a a strong international network of experts on small states and European integration.

The research is empirically based and theoretically informed, and it builds upon the research based Europe Review (2012). The project will deliver intellectually innovative research and provide relevant information to the public and well-grounded policy advice to decision makers.

The final conference for the project, titled Brexit and implications for the EU, EEA and Norway, was held on 30 October 2017. Click here for full programme.

See also the project's seminar series Norway meets Europe. Here you'll find earlier and upcoming NUPI events in the seminar series.

Publications from external project participants:


Research Council of Norway

Funding program




NEW BOOK: What does France want with its foreign policy?

September 28, 2017

Hear the podcast from the book launch of Senior Research Fellow Pernille Rieker's new book.

Bildet viser Vladimir Putin og Emmanuel Macron i Versailles.

New era for French exceptionalism?

June 16, 2017

France still has a deep desire to play a major international role. Will President Macron succeed? In her new book, Senior Research Fellow Pernille Rieker takes a closer look at French foreign policy.

Bildet viser grafittikunst

Norway: Small state in big energy politics

March 2, 2017

Should energy policies serve the nation, or the European community? 


Publication : ANTOLOGI

New Political Economy of Energy in Europe. Power to Project, Power to Adapt

This edited collection details and analyses the dramatic changes that the international political economy of energy has undergone in the past decade. ...
Publication : ARTIKKEL

Autonomy or integration? Small-state responses to a changing European security landscape

Is there a pattern in how small European states, inside and outside of the EU, adapt and adjust to EU foreign and security policy? This article introduces ...
Publication : ARTIKKEL

Diplomacy through the back door: Norway and the bilateral route to EU decision-making

This article examines how Norway, a veteran EU outsider by choice, works on a day-to-day basis to compensate for its lack of formal voice in EU institutions. ...
Publication : MONOGRAFI

French Foreign Policy in a Changing World. Practising Grandeur

This book investigates how modern French foreign policy is practiced. France finds its traditional power status challenged by internal as well as external ...
Publication : NUPI-rapport

The UK withdrawal from the EU - Legal implications for Norway as party to the EEA Agreement

  • Christophe Hillion
By leaving the European Union, the United Kingdom withdraws from all EU international commitments. The disentanglement of the UK from the EU, Brexit, ...
Publication : NUPI Policy Brief

Surviving Brexit: twelve lessons from Norway

One year after the referendum, after losing its majority in the general election, the UK government is revising what Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson famously ...
Publication : ANTOLOGI

External Governance as Security Community Building. The Limits and Potential of the European Neighbourhood Policy / Pernille Rieker, redaktør

The European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) was initially intended to create ‘a ring of friends surrounding the Union, from Morocco to Russia and the Black ...
Publication : NUPI Policy Brief

Nord Stream 2: policy dilemmas and the future of EU gas market

The Nord Stream 2 (NS2) gas pipeline project is one of the most controversial issues in EU gas-related debates today. Its proponents hold that the project ...
Publication : NUPI Policy Brief

New Momentum for European Defence Cooperation

For better or for worse, the politics of Brexit, in combination with the implementation of the new EU Global Strategy for Foreign and Security Policy, ...
Publication : NUPI Policy Brief

European Integration Reset: Lessons from Brexit, Norway, and Eastern Europe

Given the severity and length of the Great Recession, whether or not Europe needs more or less integration is a much less consequential discussion than ...
Publication : ARTIKKEL

Energy in the neighborhood: Russian and EU perspectives and policies

Project: Mapping Polish and Norwegian perspective on regional integration in Eastern Europe

The Expert-Executive Nexus in the European Administrative System: Expert Groups and the European Commission

Drawing on research from the administrative sciences and using organizational, institutional and decision-making theories, this volume examines the emerging ...
Publication : OVERSIKTSART
Publication : NUPI Working Paper

Iceland’s Relations with its Regional Powers: Alignment with the EU-US sanctions

The paper examines the Icelandic government’s consideration to withdraw its support for the sanctions against Russia over Ukraine in 2015. The consideration ...