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Policy brief


Deterrence and (Re)assurance in the High North – Finland and Norway Compared

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- Finland and Norway are both frontline states to Russia with a similar deterrence and defense strategy.
- Finland’s geopolitical position as a frontline state is mainly defined by the long land border to Russia. Norway is predominantly a maritime frontline state.
- Norway is both a frontline state and a rear area for staging support to military operations in the Nordic Region.
- Geography is a factor influencing the different approaches in Finland and Norway to foreign military activity near Russia. Also, proximity to nuclear forces and test areas.


  • Defence
  • Security policy
  • NATO
  • Europe
  • Russia and Eurasia
  • The Nordic countries
  • Conflict
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Research project