Technological Determinism and Challenges to Deterrence in Southern Asia

Policy Brief
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Written by

Rabia Akhtar

Director, Centre for Security, Strategy and Policy Research, University of Lahore


Southern Asian strategic stability is fragile with multiple challenges affecting crisis stability, deterrence stability, and arms race stability. With rapid scientific developments, technological advancements are translating into new advanced military capabilities at a much faster rate. As countries move to achieve technological superiority, they are exploring ways to exploit “gray zones” or areas where their adversaries’ deterrence is the most vulnerable across various domains. Cross-domain coercion adds to the fragility of deterrence.

In this environment, India and Pakistan must initiate a bilateral dialogue to discuss South Asian strategic stability with a focus on minimizing the drivers of instability and strengthening mutual deterrence.

A joint publication by APLN and the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI).

  • Published year: 2022
  • Full version:
  • Publisher: Asia-Pacific Leadership Network
  • Page count: 9
  • Language: English