Training for Peace 2020 - 2025 (TfP)

2020 - 2025 (Ongoing)
Research project
In its new phase (2020-2025) the TfP will strengthen its partnership and collaboration with the African Union, by providing applied research, policy support and capacity-building.

The Training for Peace Programme (TfP Programme) is an international programme that contributes towards capacity building within the broader ambit of peace operations in Africa. Since 1995, the programme has worked, through civil society institutions, to strengthen civilian and police capacity for United Nations (UN) and African Union (AU) peace operations. With its focus on training, rostering, policy support and applied research, the TfP Programme has contributed actively to placing the multi-dimensional aspects of peacekeeping on the agenda, including issues related to the protection of civilians, youth, peace and security and women, peace and security.

In its new phase (2020-2025) the TfP will strengthen its partnership and collaboration with the African Union, by providing applied research, policy support and capacity-building. The programme will support the AUC and its partners to prevent, manage and resolve conflicts and promote stability in Africa.

The TfP consists of an international network of partners including the African Centre for the Constructive Resolution of Disputes (ACCORD), the Institute for Security Studies (ISS) and the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI). 

TfP’s key thematic areas for the 2020-2025 phase include:

  1. 1. AU peace operations capacities;
  2. 2. AU efforts to countering global security threats in Africa; and
  3. 3. AU preventive diplomacy, resilience building, political conflict management and mediation, reconciliation and peacebuilding.

Within the programme NUPI’s main responsibility is research and policy development. NUPI’s research seeks to contribute to the development of doctrine for peace support operations (PSOs), knowledge building and lessons learned from African PSOs, civilian and police know-how, the financing and support of African PSOs and ongoing monitoring and analysis of the implementation and progress of the African Peace and Security Architecture.

NUPI’s activities in the programme will also prioritise efforts to integrate gender and youth perspectives in the analytical work, policy support and capacity development as a cross-cutting issue.

To learn more about the programme, visit the programme's main home page. For an overview of NUPI's events, news and publications related to the TfP programme, please visit TfP's programme page here at 

Funding program

The TfP programme is funded by the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA).


TfP and EPON Research Team visit the MNJTF in Chad

August 28, 2022

TfP and EPON Research Team visit the Multinational Joint Task Force and the Lake Chad Basin Commission in N´Djamena to conduct research on the effectiveness of the mission prior to its mandate renewal in February 2023.

The Training for Peace (TfP) Programme attends AU Lessons Learned Conference

November 4, 2022

TfP attended this week the first ever AU Lessons Learned Conference in Abuja, Nigeria to present its most recent report on Standby Security Arrangements:

Meeting about the evolving conflict and security environment in Africa

June 23, 2022

The Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI) and the Training for Peace (TfP) Programme were pleased to welcome the African Union Commissioner for Political Affairs, Peace and Security (PAPS), H.E Ambassador Bankole Adeoye on 23rd June, for an open discussion on the evolving conflict and1

Visit with Former President Chissano

June 20, 2022

As part of an official visit to Oslo, Former President Joaquim Alberto Chissano visited NUPI on 20 June, 2022.

Validation Workshop on the African Standby Force Guidelines for AU RECs/RMs on Standby

January 7, 2022

A three-day workshop that looked at proposed guidelines for the AU RECs/RMs on the operability of the Standby Force, supported by the Training for Peace (TfP) Program, was held in Harare, Zimbabwe from 30 November - 2 December, 2021.

Workshop on the Development of an African Union Policy on Stabilisation

January 7, 2022

A three-day workshop that looked at the AU´s efforts towards stabilization, supported by the Training for Peace (TfP) Program, was held in Nairobi, Kenya from 8 - 11 December, 2021.

Discussion with South Africa´s Deputy Foreign Minister. Mr Alvin Botes

March 23, 2022

On 7th March 2022, the Deputy Foreign Minister of South Africa, Mr Alvin Botes, visited the Nobel Peace Centre for a discussion on South Africa´s Foreign Policy and its role in Peace and Security in Africa.

Webinar on the United Nations Mission in South Sudan 2022: Risks and opportunities in an uncertain peace process

February 22, 2022

The UN Security Council will renew the mandate of UNMISS in March 2022, marking the tenth renewal of the Mission's mandate since it began in 2011.

Climate sensitive peacebuilding and Conflict-sensitive climate adaptation

November 16, 2021

As a part of the African Union’s Post-Conflict Reconstruction and Development (PCRD) Awareness week, the Training for Peace programme hosted a virtual seminar on “The Climate-PCRD nexus: Climate sensitive peacebuilding and Conflict-sensitive climate adaptation”.

Mediation in the era of big data and fake news

November 10, 2021

The AUs 12th High-level fireside chat brought together some of the AUs level-high mediation experts and delegates to discuss mediation efforts across the continent.

Specialised Advance Stabilisation Course supported by the Training for Peace project

November 2, 2021

A five-day specialised advance stabilisation course supported by the Training for Peace project was held in Ghana, Accra and put on by the Kofi Annan International Peacekeeping Training Centre from 18 – 22 October 2021.


Publication : Academic article
Screenshot 2023-06-13 at 09.23.01.png

African-Led Peace Support Operations in a declining period of new UN Peacekeeping Operations

The United Nations is known to be the preeminent body to authorize and oversee international peacekeeping missions; however, new forms of African-led ...
Publication : Academic analysis
Screenshot 2023-06-13 at 10.28.40.png

Analysis: The military's ambitions dash Sudan's hopes for democracy... Who is to blame, and will the conflict end?

Opinions are divided about who is to blame for the current conflict in Sudan. Is it Al-Bashir for his reliance on armed groups? Or is it the civilian-military ...
Publication : Interview
Screenshot 2023-06-13 at 10.13.13.png

Can Guinea return to civilian rule amidst the ongoing anti-junta protests?

Protests in Guinea have turned into a tragic display of violence. Despite efforts to suppress them, anti-government demonstrations in the West African ...
Publication : Media contribution
Screenshot 2022-08-17 at 15.43.57.png

Can a ceasefire bring peace to Chad?

Chad's military council signed a ceasefire agreement with dozens of opposition factions. But does it mean anything since the country’s largest rebel ...
Screenshot 2023-09-22 at 13.55.23.png

African Union's Peace and Security Council meets to deliberate on Niger Coup

Despite the crisis caused by the coup in Niger, the US says that it will be sending a new ambassador to the country as planned. Washington has clarified ...

Coping with Complexity: Toward Epistemological Pluralism in Climate–Conflict Scholarship

Over the last two decades, climate security has become an increasingly salient policy agenda in international fora. Yet, despite a large body of research, ...
Global Governance.webp

How Not to Do UN Peacekeeping: Avoid the Stabilization Dilemma with Principled and Adaptive Mandating and Leadership

Looking back over the past seventy-five years of UN peacekeeping, the most enduring question has been: Is peacekeeping effective? Historically, most peacekeeping ...
Publication : Academic anthology
Screenshot 2022-05-03 at 13.49.01.png

Adaptive Mediation and Conflict Resolution: Peace-Making in Colombia, Mozambique, the Philippines, and Syria

This open access book introduces adaptive mediation as an alternative approach that enables mediators to go beyond determined-design models of mediation. ...
Publication : Academic anthology
Screenshot 2023-05-03 at 15.47.16.png

Adaptive Peacebuilding: A New Approach to Sustaining Peace in the 21st Century

This open access book responds to the urgent need to improve how we prevent and resolve conflict. It introduces Adaptive Peacebuilding through evidence-based ...

Nomads and Warlords, Chadian Forces in African Peace Operations

Despite criticism of the United Nations (UN) as peacekeepers “hiding behind sandbags,” by the former president of Chad, the Chadian military has become ...

How Do Ad-Hoc Security Initiatives Fit in Africa’s Evolving Security Landscape?

Over the last two decades, places like the Sahel, Lake Chad Basin, Somalia, eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), and Northern Mozambique have ...

Criticism of the UK’s Rwanda Policy Misrepresents African Agency

While much of the controversy around the UK–Rwanda partnership is understandable, African perspectives are too often missing from the debate.
Screenshot 2023-04-13 at 10.20.32.png

Adapting the African Standby Force to Africa’s Evolving Security Landscape

Over the last decade Africa has experienced a resurgence of what used to be called rebels. In response a number of new types of operations have evolved.
Screenshot 2023-04-13 at 10.17.09.png

Ad-hoc initiatives are shaking up African security

The growing threat of violent extremist groups and how these groups operate across borders has stimulated the emergence of a new type of security arrangement ...
Screenshot 2023-03-07 at 11.16.07.png

Assessing the Effectiveness of the Multinational Joint Task Force

The overall assessment is that the MNJTF is, to a degree, effectively attaining its mandate priorities. As a result of the efforts of the MNJTF there ...
Screenshot 2023-02-08 at 09.53.38.png


Key Questions • How has the evolution of African-led PSOs on the continent shaped Africa’s security response to insecurity? • How has African-led PSO ...
Screenshot 2023-01-30 at 09.48.25.png

A quest to win the hearts and minds: Assessing the Effectiveness of the Multinational Joint Task Force

In January 2015, the African Union (AU) authorised the Multinational Joint Task Force (MNJTF) as a regional security arrangement of the Lake Chad Basin ...
Publication : Media contribution
Screenshot 2023-01-18 at 11.29.50.png

Africa in 2022

Dr Andrew E. Yaw Tchie shares his assessment on what have been the most significant issues shaping Africa in 2022.
Screenshot 2022-12-13 at 11.24.39.png

Focus on Africa: Security in West Africa

Dr Andrew E. Yaw Tchie discusses recent peace and security developments in West Africa (from min. 32:08).
Screenshot 2022-11-27 at 12.32.26.png

Waging Peace, towards an Africa Union Stabilisation Strategy for Somalia

Over the last few years, successful military operations across Somalia have helped to unshackle towns south of Mogadishu from al Shabaab, demonstrating ...

No clear exit for SAMIM in Mozambique

The SADC Mission in Mozambique (SAMIM) has been extended multiple times, and violence continues to affect the northern regions of the country in spite ...
AfricanSecurityReview_cover-frame copy.jpg

Ad-hoc Security Initiatives, an African response to insecurity

This article contends that Ad-hoc Security Initiatives (ASI) have developed over the last decade in the Sahel and Lake Chad Basin and represents a new ...
Screenshot 2022-11-03 at 16.07.07.png

Standby security arrangements and deployment setbacks: The case of the African Standby Force

The African Standby Force (ASF) is a key mechanism for advancing African agency in addressing the continent’s peace and security threats. The African ...
Screenshot 2022-09-19 at 13.37.41.png

States of Disorder, Ecosystems of Governance: Complexity Theory Applied to UN Statebuilding in the DRC and South Sudan

Dr Andrew Tchie reviews the book "States of Disorder, Ecosystems of Governance: Complexity Theory Applied to UN Statebuilding in the DRCand SOuth ...
BBC Andrew .png

UK new Prime Minister and her focus on Africa

Dr Andrew Tchie, on BBC World News, touches on what the relationship between the new UK Prime Minister Liz Truss and Africa will be moving forward.
Screenshot 2022-09-07 at 11.41.28.png

Understanding Africa’s Adaptability to Peace and Security Challenges

Dr Andrew Tchie reviews the book "African Peacekeeping Training Centres: Socialisation as a Tool for Peace?"

Should UN peacekeepers remain in Africa?

Africa has had more UN peacekeeping missions than any other region in the world. Today more than fifty thousand troops are deployed with UN operations ...
Publication : Media contribution
Screenshot 2022-08-28 at 14.33.45.png

Tshisekedi hopeful that the Luanda summit will lead to a de-escalation of violence

Following the talks in Luanda, Democratic Republic of Congo's President Felix Tshisekedi expressed hope that the summit would lead to a de-escalation ...
Publication : Media contribution
Screenshot 2022-08-12 at 10.23.37.png

Will Chad's latest peace agreement hold?

Chad's Transitional Military Council has signed a peace deal aimed at ending decades of conflict. The agreement is the first step towards democratic ...

The African Union’s Civilian Strategic Support Group

Since 2006, the African Union has played an active role in strengthening civilian engagement across its Peace Support Operations (PSOs) through the development ...

Shifting from External Dependency: Remodelling the G5 Sahel Joint Force for the Future

After a decade of battling jihadist and violent extremist groups in West Africa, France has initiated the restructuring and relocation of its largest ...

UNITAMS Mandate Renewal Study: Fostering a Process of Trust and Inclusivity

  • Sarah-Myriam Martin-Brûlé
  • Andrew E. Yaw Tchie
  • Olajumoke ( Jumo) Ayandele
  • Thea Willoch Njaastad
The United Nations Integrated Transition Assistance Mission in Sudan (UNITAMS) was established on 3 June 2020 under UN Security Council (UNSC) Resolution ...
Publication : Report
Screenshot 2022-06-02 at 16.15.30.png

Assessing the Effectiveness of the United Nations Mission to South Sudan (UNMISS)

Ahead of the March 2022 renewal of the mandate for the UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS), the Effectiveness of Peace Operations Network (EPON) conducted ...
Publication : Media contribution
Screenshot 2022-06-02 at 16.38.57.png

ECOWAS leaders hold an emergency summit in Ghana after a series of coups on the continent

At an emergency summit in Ghana, West African regional group ECOWAS held off on ramping up penalties on Burkina Faso over its military coup. Last month, ...
Publication : Article
Screenshot 2022-06-02 at 14.03.52.png

After the Coup: Regional Strategies for Sudan

The civilian leadership that is currently coordinating the civil protest can start talks with the military to hand over power in exchange for immunity. ...
Publication : Intervju

Sudan´s Power Struggle

Sudans statsminister Abdalla Hamdok har gått av. Dr Andrew Yaw Tchie fra NUPI diskuterer komponentene som har hindret landet i bevege seg framover.
Publication : Policy brief

Understanding Ad-Hoc Security Intitiatives in Africa

The policy brief examines the rise of ad-hoc security initiatives (ASIs) as an established type of collective security mechanism. ASIs are intended to eliminate ...
Publication : Op-ed

The impact of climate change on Africa’s peace and security

The gradual rise in global temperatures, irregular rainfall and floods have indirect, complex and coherent implications for peace and security. On March ...
African Security .jpeg

COVID-19 and the Resilience of Africa’s Peace and Security Networks

Many commentators predicted that the impact of COVID-19 on Africa, with its high levels of under-development and weak public health systems, will be particularly ...
Publication : Popular scientific article

The Impact of COVID-19 on Peace Operations

A few weeks ago, peace operations across the world began swiftly adapting to prevent the spread of the COVID-19 disease. Missions have been forced to ...
Publication : Popular scientific article

COVID-19 and the African Union

Africa represents the third wave of the spread of COVID-19, but its impact may significantly undermine the reform, programmes and operations of the African ...
Publication : Popular scientific article

As the AU tries to contain COVID-19, the virus constrains the AU

The AU cannot simply wait out the coronavirus pandemic: it must adapt and urgently develop new ways of working.
Publication : Report

Predict and prevent: overcoming early warning implementation challenges in UN peace operations

The UN has made progress in the adoption of new technologies to predict and prevent local violence. To maintain the momentum, it needs to continue to ...
Publication : Report

COVID-19 will change the way the UN conducts peacekeeping operations in the future

The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly disrupted UN peacekeeping operations. In the short-term, activities have been reduced to the most critical, rotations ...
Publication : Report

COVID-19 and the African Union. Challenges, prospects and side-effects

The African Union is coordinating the effort to contain the spread of COVID-19 in Africa, but the measures introduced are also significantly disrupting ...

Project Manager

Conflict  Africa  Peace operations
Wed 15 Jun 2022
Time: 17:00 Europe/Oslo
Location: Zoom

Webinar: Shifting from External Dependency: Remodelling the G5 Sahel Joint Force for the Future

The Effectiveness of Peace Operations Network (EPON), Training for Peace (TfP) and the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI) are pleased to invite you to a webinar on the G5 Sahel Joint Force (G5S-JF).

Thu 9 Jun 2022
Time: 11:00 Europe/Oslo
Location: NUPI

Breakfast seminar: What can we do to ensure peace and security in a new era of complex risk?

Welcome to the launch of this new timely report: ‘Environment of Peace’!

Tue 22 Feb 2022
Time: 16:00 Europe/Oslo
Location: Zoom

The UN in South Sudan 2022: Risks and opportunities in an uncertain peace process

The UN Security Council will in March this year renew the mandate of UNMISS marking the tenth renewal of the Mission’s mandate since it began in 2011.