• Low agriculture yields and loss of livelihoods contribute to increased urban migration, with urban challenges including the risk of social unrest and protests in host cities.
• Armed groups and militias leverage the economic hardships, further exacerbated by the compounding effects of climate change, for recruitment and support.
Weak governance increases the opportunities for elite exploitation and corruption, which leads to further marginalization and exclusion that feed grievances and drive instability.
- Published year: 2022
- Full version:
- Page count: 4
- Language: English