Climate, Peace and Security Fact Sheet Mali

Fact sheet
Written by

Florian Krampe

Senior Researcher, SIPRI

Anab Ovidie Grand

Former employee

Kheira Tarif

Research Assistant, SIPRI


Mali is characterised by short-term climate variability, and is vulnerable to long-term climate change due to high exposure to the adverse effects of climate change, but also high population growth, diminished resilience and multiple violent conflicts. Mali is forecast to become hotter with more erratic rainfall, impacting seasonal regularity and increasing the risk of droughts and floods. Moreover, conflict, political instability and weak government institutions undermine effective adaptation to climate change.