Climate, Peace and Security Fact Sheet: South Sudan

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Security policy  Africa  Conflict  Climate
Written by

Anne Funnemark

Former employee

Elisabeth L. Rosvold

Former employee

Katongo Seyuba

Research assistant, SIPRI

Kheira Tarif

Research Assistant, SIPRI


Florian Krampe

Senior Researcher, SIPRI


Unpredictable annual variations in extreme weather events, like flooding and droughts, affect agriculture-dependent communities and influence pastoralist mobility patterns and routes. Such changes may intensify the risk of tensions between herders and farmers, often in connection with land, grazing, water and communal affairs.

Transhumance, including cross-border migration from Sudan through the Greater Upper Nile in particular, exacerbates the spread of veterinary diseases and fuels environmental degradation and competition over scarce resources.
Women and girls continue to bear the brunt of the effects of climate change; female-headed households are especially vulnerable.

Climate-related livestock losses compounded by pre-existing rivalries increase the risk of cattle raiding, which can trigger retaliation, communal conflict, displacement, deepening intercommunal rivalry and the formation of armed groups.