Skip to content
NUPI skole

The Nordic countries

The Nordic countries are among the most affluent in the world, and represent a stabil and well-functioning part of a changing Europe.

Nordic cooperation on foreign and security policy is the core in NUPI's research on Nordic issues. Important questions are how the Nordic countries' different alliance policies affect their ability to cooperate in practice, and what possibilities the Nordic countries have as a block in international politics.
Publications
Publications
Scientific article

The defence of northern Europe: new opportunities, significant challenges

With Finland and Sweden joining NATO, the Nordics will be united for the first time in a military alliance encompassing not only northern Europe but also the broader transatlantic region. It will eventually fortify northern European security, but several obstacles must be overcome first. NATO has done a formidable job since 2014 in updating its defence plans, cumulating in the Deterrence and Defence of the Euro-Atlantic Area (DDA) family of plans approved in Vilnius 2023. Now Finland and Sweden need to be incorporated into these plans. A more challenging task is to implement NATO's New Force Model which is tremendously ambitious. Finland and Sweden's contributions will be important, but new investments must be made. NATO's Command Structure is yet to be fully reformed and fitted to the DDA. Joint Force Command Norfolk must urgently be staffed, without undue politicization in NATO. Nordic defence buildup can draw on regional cooperation in particular in five areas: in strengthening the area's command design through functional double-hatted headquarters; developing close air power cooperation through e.g. a Combined Joint Air Operations Centre; strengthening total defence cooperation across borders and expanding logistical infrastructure; establishing joint intelligence task forces; and joint training and exercises. The contributions of the United States and United Kingdom are indispensable when it comes to upholding the alliance's guarantee in northern Europe. The recent signing of Defense Cooperation Agreements between the US and the Nordics reinforces this—together with an increased presence of air and naval assets in the region. The same applies to the UK and the Joint Expeditionary Force which now has shifted its focus towards northern Europe. This engagement is a crucial addition to Nordic and NATO plans and activities in a period when growth in Nordic defence structures is occurring at a relatively slow pace. Only after the weaknesses and hurdles are addressed will the deterrence and defence of the region attain a fully credible level.

  • Defence
  • NATO
  • Europe
  • North America
  • The Nordic countries
Screenshot 2024-02-29 at 10.44.44.png
  • Defence
  • NATO
  • Europe
  • North America
  • The Nordic countries
Publications
Publications
Policy brief

Deterrence and (Re)assurance in the High North – Finland and Norway Compared

- Finland and Norway are both frontline states to Russia with a similar deterrence and defense strategy. - Finland’s geopolitical position as a frontline state is mainly defined by the long land border to Russia. Norway is predominantly a maritime frontline state. - Norway is both a frontline state and a rear area for staging support to military operations in the Nordic Region. - Geography is a factor influencing the different approaches in Finland and Norway to foreign military activity near Russia. Also, proximity to nuclear forces and test areas.

  • Defence
  • Security policy
  • NATO
  • Europe
  • Russia and Eurasia
  • The Nordic countries
  • Conflict
Screenshot 2024-02-23 at 10.49.27.png
  • Defence
  • Security policy
  • NATO
  • Europe
  • Russia and Eurasia
  • The Nordic countries
  • Conflict
NUPIpodden #12: Kan du forvente hjelp fra Norge hvis du kommer i trøbbel i utlandet?
Podcast

NUPIpodden #12: Kan du forvente hjelp fra Norge hvis du kommer i trøbbel i utlandet?

Skal vi hente hjem fremmedkrigere som har reist til Syria for å slutte seg til IS? Brukte norske myndigheter for mye penger på å få hjem to drapsd...

  • Security policy
  • Diplomacy
  • Foreign policy
  • The Nordic countries
  • Humanitarian issues
  • Governance
  • Security policy
  • Diplomacy
  • Foreign policy
  • The Nordic countries
  • Humanitarian issues
  • Governance
NUPIpodden #16: Utenrikspolitikken som forsvant i isen
Podcast

NUPIpodden #16: Utenrikspolitikken som forsvant i isen

Russland, USA og Kina vender blikket nordover. Men nordområdepolitikk ender ofte som lokaldebatt. Hvor er utenrikspolitikken i nord? NUPIs Åsmund...

  • Defence
  • Diplomacy
  • Foreign policy
  • The Nordic countries
  • Defence
  • Diplomacy
  • Foreign policy
  • The Nordic countries
Articles
New research
Articles
New research

Hvor mye hjelp kan Norge få i krig?

Vi kan ikke lenger lene oss på at NATO-stormaktene skal redde oss i en krigssituasjon, ifølge en ny NUPI-rapport av Ståle Ulriksen.
  • Defence
  • Security policy
  • NATO
  • Europe
  • The Nordic countries
Articles
News
Articles
News

Kristin Haugevik appointed Research Professor

NUPI researcher Kristin Haugevik has been promoted to Research Professor.
  • Defence
  • NATO
  • Diplomacy
  • Foreign policy
  • Europe
  • The Nordic countries
Julie  Stensønes
Researchers

Julie Stensønes

Master's student

Julie Stensønes is a master's student at the University of Oslo with a specific focus on climate politics. Her research interests include internat...

  • Economic growth
  • Europe
  • The Nordic countries
  • Pandemics
  • Climate
  • Energy
  • International organizations
  • Economic growth
  • Europe
  • The Nordic countries
  • Pandemics
  • Climate
  • Energy
  • International organizations
Bendik  Manum
Researchers

Bendik Manum

Master's student

Bendik is a master's student at NUPI in the Research group for Russia, Asia, and International Trade, and is currently writing his Master’s thesis...

  • NATO
  • Diplomacy
  • Foreign policy
  • Europe
  • Russia and Eurasia
  • The Nordic countries
  • Nation-building
  • Nationalism
  • Human rights
  • The EU
  • NATO
  • Diplomacy
  • Foreign policy
  • Europe
  • Russia and Eurasia
  • The Nordic countries
  • Nation-building
  • Nationalism
  • Human rights
  • The EU
Norway’s work on climate, peace, and security in the UN Security Council
Podcast

Norway’s work on climate, peace, and security in the UN Security Council

Climate security was one of Norway’s priority areas during its period as an elected member of the UN Security Council (2021–2022). What did Norway...

  • The Nordic countries
  • Climate
  • Governance
  • International organizations
  • United Nations
  • The Nordic countries
  • Climate
  • Governance
  • International organizations
  • United Nations
NUPI-podden #23: Hva mener norske velgere om utenrikspolitikk?
Podcast

NUPI-podden #23: Hva mener norske velgere om utenrikspolitikk?

13. september skal befolkningen velge hvem som skal styre landet de neste fire åra. Men hva slags tillit har velgerne egentlig til de ulike partie...

  • Development policy
  • Foreign policy
  • The Nordic countries
  • Governance
  • Development policy
  • Foreign policy
  • The Nordic countries
  • Governance
1 - 10 of 185 items