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Security realities of freezing politics and thawing landscapes in the Arctic
Podcast

Security realities of freezing politics and thawing landscapes in the Arctic

Russia’s re-invasion of Ukraine in 2022 has had immediate and ongoing effects for Arctic security and cooperative governance at both a regional an...

  • Security policy
  • Russia and Eurasia
  • The Arctic
  • Security policy
  • Russia and Eurasia
  • The Arctic
How to make UN peace operations more effective?
Podcast

How to make UN peace operations more effective?

The UN Secretary-General, Antonio Guterres, has set a process in motion to re-think the UN’s role in peace and security in the current global cont...

  • Governance
  • United Nations
  • Governance
  • United Nations
Publications
Publications
Scientific article
John Karlsrud, Malte Brosig

How Ad Hoc Coalitions Deinstitutionalize International Institutions

As ad hoc coalitions (AHCs) proliferate, particularly on the African continent, two questions crystallize. First, what consequences do they bring about for the existing institutional security landscape? And second, how can the trend of AHCs operating alongside instead of inside regional organizations be captured and explored conceptually? To answer these questions, we closely examine the Multinational Joint Task Force (MNJTF) fighting Boko Haram and its changing relationship to the African Union (AU). Through the case study and a review of policy and academic literatures, the article launches the concept of deinstitutionalization and how it can be characterized. We identify three features of deinstitutionalization – AHCs can bypass standard procedures for decision-making processes; whittle down established institutional scripts, and shift resource allocations. We detail how the AHCs contribute to changing practices of financing international peace and security operations, with an examination of EU and UN policies and practices. In sum, the paper unwraps the processes of deinstitutionalization and identifies three forms of rationales for this process – lack of problem-solving capacity, limited adaptability and path dependency.

  • Africa
  • Peace operations
  • Humanitarian issues
  • Conflict
  • Fragile states
  • Migration
  • Nation-building
  • Insurgencies
  • United Nations
  • AU
International_Affairs_87(5).jpg
  • Africa
  • Peace operations
  • Humanitarian issues
  • Conflict
  • Fragile states
  • Migration
  • Nation-building
  • Insurgencies
  • United Nations
  • AU
Articles
Analysis
Articles
Analysis

Options for Arctic governance in difficult weather

PODCAST: What options are there for moving Arctic governance forward, and what needs to be done first?
  • The Arctic
  • Governance
Arctic_pod_mlogo.png
Publications
Publications
Report

The Political Economy of Global Climate Action: Where Does the West Go Next After COP28?

This report offers a critical, candid examination of the landscape of global climate action. Current efforts are lacking even amid consecutive UN climate conferences that build upon the successes of the 2015 Paris Agreement. It argues that the incremental progress achieved thus far is insufficient to address the escalating climate crisis. Challenges of domestic political economy and lacking global governance are substantively at fault. We identify several related barriers to effective climate action, including mismatched time horizons, shared public and private responsibility, the complexity of global challenges, and problems of global collective action and burden distribution. The report explores the distributional costs of climate policies, emphasizing the impacts of populism on climate action (and vice versa), and the need for a fair transition. Global governance challenges are attributable to the limits of existing multilateral institutions and the persistently difficult geopolitical and macroeconomic outlook. We conclude by offering a set of specific policy recommendations, spanning corporate taxation, public investment, long-term commitment mechanisms, the climate action-energy security interface, corporate responsibility, and the imperative of a just, equitable, and participatory transition. The proposed strategies can contribute to achieving time-consistent, decisive and systemic action that tackles the urgent climate crisis, building on political incentives and disincentives. This systematic lens – focused on political economy and global governance constraints - needs to be applied to all climate action policies to get ahead of the curve in the global and domestic political environment in which we find ourselves.

  • Foreign policy
  • Climate
  • Energy
  • Governance
  • International organizations
Screenshot 2024-02-20 at 11.41.12.png
  • Foreign policy
  • Climate
  • Energy
  • Governance
  • International organizations
Publications
Publications

The failure to decarbonize the global energy education system: Carbon lock-in and stranded skill sets

The energy transition involves the transformation of professions and labour markets, which in turn depend on the availability of a workforce with the right education and competence. This study assesses how quickly global higher education is transitioning from fossil fuels to renewable energy in terms of educational content. The article is based on a review of 18,400 universities and the creation of a dataset of 6,142 universities that provide energy-specific education in 196 countries. The study compares the prevalence of educational programmes oriented towards fossil fuels and renewable energy. The findings show that the rapid adoption of renewable energy worldwide is not matched by changes in higher education, since universities continue to prioritise coal and petroleum studies. In 2019, 546 universities had faculties and/or degrees dedicated to fossil fuels whereas only 247 universities had faculties and/or degrees in renewable energy. As many as 68% of the world’s energy-focused educational degrees were oriented towards fossil fuels, and only 32% focused on renewable energy. This means that universities are failing to meet the growing demand for a clean energy workforce. At the current rate of change, energy-focused university degrees would be 100% dedicated to renewable energy only by the year 2107. Since a career may last 30-40 years, this creates a risk of long-term carbon lock-in and stranded skill sets through (mis)education. The results also indicate that developing countries lag behind developed ones in this area, even though the need for professionals trained in renewable energy is greater in developing countries. Along with lack of capital, underdeveloped regulatory frameworks for renewable energy, and entrenched fossil-fuel business interests, the mismatch between energy education and the needs of the renewable energy industry may hold back the energy transition in many developing countries.

  • Climate
  • Energy
Screenshot 2024-02-19 at 09.55.47.png
  • Climate
  • Energy
NUPIpodden #1 - Det franske presidentvalget
Podcast

NUPIpodden #1 - Det franske presidentvalget

I aller første episode av NUPIpodden forklarer seniorforsker på NUPI, Pernille Rieker om de to kandidantene som kjemper om å bli Frankrikes neste...

  • Diplomacy
  • Governance
  • Diplomacy
  • Governance
NUPIpodden #2: Valg i Storbritannia - går May på en valgsmell?
Podcast

NUPIpodden #2: Valg i Storbritannia - går May på en valgsmell?

I morgen går britene til valgurnene for å avgjøre hvem som skal lede Storbritannia gjennom Brexit. NUPI-forsker Kristin Haugevik gir deg det du tr...

  • Foreign policy
  • Europe
  • Governance
  • Foreign policy
  • Europe
  • Governance
NUPIpodden#3: Afrikas opprørere - hvem er de?
Podcast

NUPIpodden#3: Afrikas opprørere - hvem er de?

NUPI-forsker Morten Bøås snakker om sin nye bok "Africa's Insurgents: Navigating an Evolving Landscape. Hvem er disse opprørerne? Og hva kjenneteg...

  • Africa
  • Fragile states
  • Insurgencies
  • Africa
  • Fragile states
  • Insurgencies
NUPIpodden#4: Utenrikspolitikk i de falske nyhetenes tid
Podcast

NUPIpodden#4: Utenrikspolitikk i de falske nyhetenes tid

Hvor stort problem er egentlig propaganda og falske nyheter - og hvor stor del av problemet er Russland? Kjenner vi til forsøk på russisk påvirkni...

  • Diplomacy
  • Foreign policy
  • Russia and Eurasia
  • Diplomacy
  • Foreign policy
  • Russia and Eurasia
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