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Global economy

What are the central questions related to global economy?
Event
13:30 - 14:30
NUPI
Engelsk
270922_On the political impact of sanctions in Russia copy.jpg
Event
13:30 - 14:30
NUPI
Engelsk
27. Sep 2022
Event
13:30 - 14:30
NUPI
Engelsk

On the political impact of sanctions in Russia

A key motivation behind economic sanctions has traditionally been to promote political change, either by pressure on regimes or by supporting political opposition. To what extent have sanctions succeeded in this endeavour?

Publications
Publications
Policy brief
Nicola Leveringhaus

The Economics of Strategic Stability in US-China relations

The economic aspects of strategic stability tend to come second place in the study of US-China relations. For good reason, scholars have focussed on the military aspects of strategic stability, including the role of emerging technology and cyber capabilities, in this most important geopolitical relationship. Yet, considering the ongoing War on Ukraine, as well as tensions over Taiwan, it is worthwhile considering the effect coercive economic tools such as tariffs, sanctions and embargoes, can have on wider strategic stability.

  • International economics
  • Asia
  • North America
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  • International economics
  • Asia
  • North America
Publications
Publications

United clubs of Europe: Informal differentiation and the social ordering of intra-EU diplomacy

This article makes the case for integrating informal, social and minilateral dynamics in analyses of ‘differentiated integration’ in the European Union (EU) context. In EU studies, differentiated integration has mainly served as an analytical lens for studying variation in states’ degree of formalized commitment to the European integration project or in organizational decision-making procedures across policy areas. While this focus has generated important analytical and empirical insights, three dimensions tend to be lost when limiting the study of differentiated integration to negotiated outcomes manifest in legal documents and decision-making procedures. First, informal processes of integration precede and concur with formal ones. Second, European integration is an inherently social process, and member states integrate with the EU identity-building project in different ways and to different degrees. Third, member states enjoy heterogeneous social ties with one another, routinely forming informal bi- and minilateral coalitions in everyday decision-shaping processes. More knowledge about these informal and social dynamics can give us a better understanding of how differentiated integration manifests itself in practice and where the European integration process is heading. The theoretical argument is buttressed by data from the 2020 European Council of Foreign Relations’ ‘Coalition Explorer’ survey, showing how partner preferences within the EU continue to reflect stable social sub-orders.

  • Regional integration
  • Diplomacy
  • The Nordic countries
  • The EU
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  • Regional integration
  • Diplomacy
  • The Nordic countries
  • The EU
Publications
Publications

How to design EU-level contingency plans for gas shortages? Evidence from behavioural economics, policy research and past experience

In this policy report, we lay out suggestions for the European Union to prepare for possible cuts in gas supply from Russia in the context of the war in Ukraine. Such cuts will result in physical shortages of gas and so, potentially the need to limit consumption and at worst, rationing of gas. We draw on historical examples of managing demand and consumption, from energy and other policy areas, and suggest steps that can be taken to design an acceptable and efficient gas saving scheme.

  • Economic growth
  • Europe
  • The EU
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  • Economic growth
  • Europe
  • The EU
Craig  Moffat

Craig Moffat

Former employee

Craig Moffat was a Senior Research Fellow in the Research group on peace, conflict and development. 

  • Security policy
  • Terrorism and extremism
  • Regional integration
  • Diplomacy
  • Foreign policy
  • Africa
  • Peace operations
  • Conflict
  • Pandemics
  • Governance
  • AU
  • Security policy
  • Terrorism and extremism
  • Regional integration
  • Diplomacy
  • Foreign policy
  • Africa
  • Peace operations
  • Conflict
  • Pandemics
  • Governance
  • AU
Publications
Publications

RESOLVED: Japan Should Maintain Investments in Russian Oil and Gas Projects

In this issue of Debating Japan, experts assess Japan’s investments in Russian oil and gas and whether Japan should fully divest from Russian energy.

  • Security policy
  • International investments
  • Diplomacy
  • Foreign policy
  • Asia
  • Energy
  • The EU
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  • Security policy
  • International investments
  • Diplomacy
  • Foreign policy
  • Asia
  • Energy
  • The EU
Publications
Publications
Scientific article

Networked territoriality: A processual–relational view on the making (and makings) of regions in world politics

This article proposes a processual–relational perspective on region-making and its effects in world politics. It revisits the concepts of regionalism and regionalisation to unearth the relational mechanisms underlying these archetypical pathways of regional emergence. Regionalism refers to the bounding of regions – the definition of its inside and outside, and of which actors fall on either side. Regionalisation denotes the binding of regions, the amalgamations of relations around a shared territoriality. I argue that regions affect world politics in their making through the boundaries raised and relations produced in the process. I then mobilise network theory and analysis to propose a framework for studying the making and makings of regions. Regions’ binding and bounding are rooted in brokerage dynamics that sustain clusters of relations denser inside a regional boundary, rather than outside, and allow some actors to control interactions across that boundary. I illustrate this framework with a case study on the emergence of the Amazon as a region in world politics. I analyse interaction networks in UN-level environmental negotiations involving the ecosystem. The analysis shows how the making of the Amazon has been tied to preserving the position of Amazonian states as the main brokers, speaking for and acting on behalf of the region.

  • Regional integration
  • Diplomacy
  • Foreign policy
  • South and Central America
  • Climate
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  • Regional integration
  • Diplomacy
  • Foreign policy
  • South and Central America
  • Climate
Publications
Publications
Report
Jesutimilehin O. Akamo, Happi Cynthia, Jordan Mc Lean, Faith Mabera, Arina Muresan, Tigist Kebede Feyissa, Emel Parlar Dal, Tor Sellström, Elling Tjønneland, Moussa Soumahoro, Liisa Laakso, Isaac Bheki Khambule, Tseday Tilahun, Elizabeth Sidiropolous, Cedric H. de Coning, Kristin Haugevik, Øyvind Svendsen, Mathilde Tomine Eriksdatter Giske, Elisabeth L. Rosvold, Asha Ali, Craig Moffat

Re-imagining African—Nordic relations in a changing global order

This study asks how the special relationship between countries in Africa and the Nordic region may be affected by a changing global order, that the African-Nordic cooperation can continue to evolve and remain relevant for both regions. The meeting in Helsinki on 14 June 2022 is the 20th meeting of the forum of African–Nordic Foreign Ministers. The forum was established in 2000 between five Nordic countries and ten African countries. It was intended to emphasize the political importance of Africa and to demonstrate that Africa–Nordic relations went beyond development cooperation. The forum meets alternately and rotates among African and Nordic countries and African hosts have included Benin, Botswana, Mozambique, Nigeria, South Africa and Tanzania. The number of African countries expanded over time and now numbers around 25. The annual meeting is an opportunity to consolidate the special relationship between African and Nordic countries and creates a space where political issues of mutual concern can be discussed. As such, it has helped to broaden the African–Nordic relations beyond development cooperation and towards a more politically-oriented and interest-based strategic partnership. Beyond the annual foreign ministers meeting, the other aspect the report looks into is what the sum-total of African-Nordic bilateral relations in the areas of trade, development, peace and security and multilateral cooperation reveals about the status of the overall relationship. Africa pursues strategic partnerships that helps it to develop and strengthen the continent’s economic potential, political identity, and its role on the global stage. In this study we pay particular attention to Africa’s relationship with China, Europe, India, Russia and Turkey. One of the dominant features of Africa’s international relations has been its non-alignment. African countries have been careful to seek partnerships with many different states and regions, without being pulled into any one alliance that may prevent it from also gaining support for its development from others. Therefore, in its strategic partnerships, African countries seeks engagements that will help it to grow its economies.

  • International economics
  • Economic growth
  • Development policy
  • Foreign policy
  • Africa
  • The Nordic countries
  • International organizations
  • AU
Re imagining African.PNG
  • International economics
  • Economic growth
  • Development policy
  • Foreign policy
  • Africa
  • The Nordic countries
  • International organizations
  • AU
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Research project
2022 - 2024 (Ongoing)

Norway and the EU towards 2030

This project takes a closer look at developments on key areas in the relationship between Norway and the EU towards 2030....

  • Defence
  • Security policy
  • Regional integration
  • Diplomacy
  • Foreign policy
  • Europe
  • The Nordic countries
  • Climate
  • Governance
  • The EU
  • Defence
  • Security policy
  • Regional integration
  • Diplomacy
  • Foreign policy
  • Europe
  • The Nordic countries
  • Climate
  • Governance
  • The EU
Publications

Fossil Fuels in Central Asia: Trends and Energy Transition Risks

This data article provides an overview of fossil fuel trends in Central Asia from 2010 to 2019. Data on the production, consumption, export and import of coal, natural gas and oil are summarised for Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. While promoting renewable energy, Central Asia continues to rely on and expand the use of coal, natural gas and oil with no major phase-out plans yet on the horizon.

  • International investments
  • Regional integration
  • Russia and Eurasia
  • Asia
  • Climate
  • Energy
  • Governance
  • The EU
Screenshot 2022-06-02 at 16.48.53.png
  • International investments
  • Regional integration
  • Russia and Eurasia
  • Asia
  • Climate
  • Energy
  • Governance
  • The EU
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