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Global economy

What are the central questions related to global economy?
Tobias  Etzold
Researchers

Tobias Etzold

Senior Research Fellow

Tobias Etzold (PhD) is a Senior Research Fellow in the Research Group for Security and Defense at NUPI. He mainly works as project leader of the C...

  • Security policy
  • Regional integration
  • Foreign policy
  • Europe
  • The Arctic
  • The Nordic countries
  • Climate
  • International organizations
  • The EU
  • Security policy
  • Regional integration
  • Foreign policy
  • Europe
  • The Arctic
  • The Nordic countries
  • Climate
  • International organizations
  • The EU
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Research project
2023 - 2027 (Ongoing)

The EU Navigating Multilateral Cooperation (NAVIGATOR)

How should the EU navigate the increasingly complex - and conflict-laden - institutional spaces of global governance to advance a rules-based international order? And what factors should be emphasized...

  • Security policy
  • NATO
  • Cyber
  • Globalisation
  • Regional integration
  • Europe
  • Russia and Eurasia
  • Africa
  • Asia
  • North America
  • Peace operations
  • Migration
  • Climate
  • Governance
  • International organizations
  • The EU
  • United Nations
  • AU
  • Security policy
  • NATO
  • Cyber
  • Globalisation
  • Regional integration
  • Europe
  • Russia and Eurasia
  • Africa
  • Asia
  • North America
  • Peace operations
  • Migration
  • Climate
  • Governance
  • International organizations
  • The EU
  • United Nations
  • AU
Publications
Publications
Policy brief

The localisation of aid - debate and challenges

The localisation agenda resurfaced with the Covid 19-pandemic among development and humanitarian actors. Aid localisation refers to providing aid through local, grassroots institutions without the use of intermediaries, which involves a shift in power over policy and financial issue to local actors.

  • Economic growth
  • Humanitarian issues
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  • Economic growth
  • Humanitarian issues
Publications
Publications
Chapter

The International Monetary Fund and the World Bank: from institutional anchors of liberalism to geopolitical rivalry

The IMF and the World Bank are not only amongst the world's most powerful international institutions, but they also represent the most visible institutional anchors of the liberal post-Second World War order. This may be about to change because the IMF and the World Bank are economic institutions and, thereby, bound to reflect global economic realities. And, from an economic perspective, these realities have for quite some time indicated a world that increasingly moves in a multipolar direction. The turn to economic multipolarity has followed in the wake of increased Great Power rivalry between the United States and China. This chapter charts out these developments and how they have affected and IMF and the World Bank, and what consequences this may have for these institutions and the type of global leaderships that they seek to set.

  • International economics
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  • International economics
Publications
Publications
Op-ed

Navigating ASEAN-Myanmar Relations: The Phnom Penh Summit as a Critical Juncture for (Dis)Engagement

This article considers recent internal developments in Myanmar and how they strain external relations with the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). It identifies ASEAN’s Phnom Penh Summit as a critical juncture for disengaging the military government, engaging non-political entities and upgrading the 2021 Five-Point Consensus.

  • Security policy
  • Regional integration
  • Diplomacy
  • Foreign policy
  • Asia
  • Conflict
  • Human rights
  • Governance
  • International organizations
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  • Security policy
  • Regional integration
  • Diplomacy
  • Foreign policy
  • Asia
  • Conflict
  • Human rights
  • Governance
  • International organizations
Publications
Publications

The Abe Legacy

With the terrible assassination of former Prime minister of Japan, Abe Shinzo, an important, but not always uncontroversial, political era in Japan is over. As the longest serving Prime minster, he leaves an important legacy in Japanese politics, but also in relation to the role he wanted Japan to play on the global scene. Based on the 99th Stockholm Seminar on Japan, two invited experts, Dr. Wrenn Yennie Lindgren and Dr. Richard Nakamura, share their views on the international political, as well as economic implications of the passing of Abe in this policy brief.

  • Defence
  • Security policy
  • Economic growth
  • Regional integration
  • Diplomacy
  • Foreign policy
  • Asia
  • Governance
  • International organizations
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  • Defence
  • Security policy
  • Economic growth
  • Regional integration
  • Diplomacy
  • Foreign policy
  • Asia
  • Governance
  • International organizations
Publications
Publications
Scientific article

The Amazon rainforest and the global–regional politics of ecosystem governance

This article examines the global–regional politics of ecosystem governance through the case of the Amazon rainforest. Despite the bourgeoning literature on global and regional environmental politics, the interplay of these dynamics in ecosystem governance has still received limited attention. I here propose that the politics of ecosystem governance are rooted in a dispute over the realization of alternative ecosystem services. When global actors become invested in promoting ecosystem preservation to secure the realization services with diffuse benefits, it can affect cooperation at the regional level. Ecosystem-adjacent states can perceive external interest as a threat, building regional cooperation as a tool to defend sovereignty, but also as an opportunity, using it to bargain the terms of their stewardship. I use this framework to trace the evolution of regional cooperation in the Amazon, demonstrating how it was developed in response to this ecosystem's growing global salience. Through defensive sovereignty and bargained stewardship, regional cooperation helped Amazon states to cap international commitment and limit external influence in the region but also allowed for building some form of coordinated ecosystem protection. The research sheds new light on both the potential and the limitations of global–regional engagements for the preservation of the Amazon and other analogous cross-border ecosystems.

  • Regional integration
  • Development policy
  • Diplomacy
  • Foreign policy
  • South and Central America
  • Governance
  • International organizations
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  • Regional integration
  • Development policy
  • Diplomacy
  • Foreign policy
  • South and Central America
  • Governance
  • International organizations
Publications
Publications
Report

The challenge of IUU fishing in West Africa and The PotentialTechnology Solutions: An analysis of international cooperationprojects in Ghana and Gu...

Illegal, unreported, and unregulated (IUU) fishing is a social, economic and environmental problem. It undermines management and drives the depletion of fish stocks, threatens food security, and drains valuable resources from the economy. In recent decades, efforts have been made to build an international regime that can curb IUU fishing. However, implementing this regime and stemming the tides of IUU fishing remains challenging. At the center of this challenge is the necessity to create capacity in states for the monitoring, control, and surveillance (MCS) of fisheries. Monitoring fisheries means measuring fishing effort characteristics and resource yields continuously. The control of fisheries concerns the establishment of regulations for exploiting resources. Surveillance refers to the measures to secure compliance with regulatory controls.

  • International investments
  • Africa
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  • International investments
  • Africa
Publications
Publications
Report

The China-Europe Freight Train and the War in Ukraine:Triumph and Tribulations in Transcontinental Shipping

In this policy brief, Professor Xiangming Chen analyzes the China-Europe Freight Train (CEFT), the flagship Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) project, and evaluates its extensiveness, efficiency and adaptability based on recent geopolitical developments, in particular the War in Ukraine.

  • Trade
  • Asia
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  • Trade
  • Asia
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Research project
2021 - 2024 (Ongoing)

Shocking times for European economic integration (EUROSHOCKS)

European integration has recently been hit by various shocks such as Brexit, Trump’s trade wars, the COVID-19 pandemic, and the competition from China. This project will exploit these shocks to genera...

  • International economics
  • Regional integration
  • Europe
  • Pandemics
  • International economics
  • Regional integration
  • Europe
  • Pandemics
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