Photograph: AMISOM

Climate-related Peace and Security Risks (CPSR)

2020 - 2023 (Ongoing)
Research Project
The Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI) and the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) are collaborating on a climate, peace and security project that is aimed at backstopping the work of Norway during their period as an elected member of the Security Council.

The primary objective of the project is to generate reliable, relevant, timely and actionable information on climate, peace and security risks for specific countries and regions on the UN Security Council agenda. Its main product is a series of fact sheets on countries on the agenda of the Security Council.

The project will stimulate global networking among researchers and policymakers through a series of dialogues, and it aims to establish a Nordic and Baltic Climate, Peace and Security Network.

The project is co-led by Dr. Cedric de Coning at NUPI (cdc@nupi.no) and Dr. Florian Krampe at SIPRI (Florian.Krampe@sipri.org).

Further reading on the network here.

Sign up for news and information from the CPSR project here!

Further reading:

Seminars:

  • The Water-Energy-Food Nexus and its implications for Climate Change Security (webinar held on 27 October 2021):
     

 

  • Preventing climate-related conflict: Challenge for cross-disciplinary research, policy and practice? (webinar held on 24 November 2021):

Funding program

The project is funded by the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs until 2023.

Articles

Climate, Peace and Security Fact Sheet Ethiopia

June 29, 2022

Ethiopia is currently experiencing one of its most severe droughts in decades following four consecutive failed rain seasons. The country has a high dependency on rainfed agriculture, and recent reductions in economic growth rates, rapid population growth, weak institutional capacity and high levels of conflict make it particularly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. While climatic conditions differ substantially across Ethiopia, the average temperature is projected to increase, and rainfall is expected to become more erratic. Ethiopia´s long history of drought, famine and locust outbreaks all further the need for increased capacity and resilience to cope with the projected impacts of climate change. Political instability and conflict have compounded the humanitarian situation in the country, hampering the ability of the Ethiopian Government to implement its climate adaptation and mitigation policies.

Climate, Peace and Security in Ethiopia

June 29, 2022

In this new Fact Sheet from the joint NUPI and SIPRI’s joint Climate-related Peace and Security Risks Project (CPSR) team explore the nexus between climate change, peace and security

Climate, Peace and Security Fact Sheet: Sudan

May 10, 2022

Sudan is severely exposed to climate change. As one of the world’s least developed countries, extreme weather, recurrent floods and droughts, and changing precipitation interact with other vulnerabilities – such as ecosystem degradation, unsustainable agricultural practices, natural resource scarcities and resource-based conflicts – limiting societal capacities to cope and adapt. The economic consequences of COVID-19, ongoing political instability (further aggravated by the October 2021 military coup), and rising inflation all weaken state and societal resilience, livelihoods and food security.

Climate, Peace and Security Fact Sheet: Iraq

April 7, 2022

Iraq is highly vulnerable to climate change and its impacts. The country’s vulnerability is shaped by its physical exposure, a strong natural resource dependency and low adaptive capacity due to violent conflict, poverty, political instability and corruption. Iraq is particularly exposed to floods, droughts and dust storms, increasingly linked to temperature and precipitation variability.

Climate, Peace and Security Fact Sheet: South Sudan

March 7, 2022

The recent flooding in South Sudan is the worst in over 60 years. South Sudan is highly vulnerable to the effects of climate change, including droughts and flooding. Both long-term climate change, such as the gradual increase in temperatures, and short-term extreme climate events, like increased flooding, have indirect and interlinked implications for peace and security in South Sudan.

Fact sheet: Climate, Peace and Security in Sudan

May 16, 2022

In this new Fact Sheet, researchers from NUPI and SIPRI’s joint Climate-related Peace and Security Project (CPSR) explore the nexus between climate change and security in Sudan.

Preventing climate-related conflict: A challenge for cross-disciplinary research, policy and practice?

December 10, 2021

Climate-related peace and security risks are receiving increased attention on the international arena. But how do we ensure that different academic disciplines work together on the challenge of preventing future wars on conflict related to climate change? NUPI and SIPRI’s joint Climate-Related Peace and Security Risks (CPSR) project explored this issue in a webinar held on 24 November.

Climate change, peace and security in Afghanistan

February 9, 2022

How does climate change affect peace and security in Afghanistan? NUPI and SIPRI, under the Climate-related Peace and Security Risks project have published a new fact sheet on this topic. Read it here.

News

The link between climate, peace and security in Mali

May 26, 2021

NUPI and SIPRI, under the Climate-related Peace and Security Risks project have worked on understanding the interlinkages between climate, peace and security in Mali. Read more in a new fact sheet which contains recommendations on addressing climate change.

News
Bildet viser en gruppe kvinner som henter vann fra en vannstasjon i Somalia.

The impact of climate change on peace and security in Somalia

February 4, 2021

A new collaborative NUPI-SIPRI project examines how climate change affect peace and security in states and regions on the UN Security Council's  agenda. On 4 February, the project launched its first fact sheet, looking into Somalia. 

News

How does climate change affect peace and security in South Sudan?

March 11, 2021

How does climate change affect peace and security in South Sudan?

News

Climate, Peace and Security in the Sahel region

June 7, 2021

NUPI and SIPRI, under the Climate-related Peace and Security Risks project have worked on understanding the interlinkages between climate, peace and security in the Sahel-region.

News

Climate, Peace and Security Fact Sheet Sahel

June 7, 2021

The Sahel region is highly exposed to climate change, but national and local factors mean that climate change will have differentiated impacts across the region. The region will gradually become hotter, with some areas experiencing increased, but erratic, rainfall. 

Publications

Publication : Report
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Climate, Peace and Security Fact Sheet: South Sudan

2022
Unpredictable annual variations in extreme weather events, like flooding and droughts, affect agriculture-dependent communities and influence pastoralist ...
Publication : Report

Climate, Peace and Security Fact Sheet: South Sudan

2021
Flooding and droughts significantly disrupt livelihood patterns and food-security and may result in temporary displacement or longer-term migration. Such ...
Publication : Rapport
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Climate, Peace and Security Fact Sheet: Iraq

2022
• Increasing temperatures, decreasing water availability and greater inter-annual variability in rainfall negatively affect agriculture, reduce household ...
Publication : Report
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Climate, Peace and Security Fact Sheet: Afghanistan

2021
Afghanistan is highly vulnerable to the effects of climate change: rising temperatures, changing precipitation patterns and increasingly frequent extreme ...
Publication : Editorial
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Hvis ikke Norge går i bresjen for en grønn omstilling, hvem da?

2021
The faster Norway embarks on a responsible but speedy end to its reliance on oil, the greater the potential reputational, diplomatic, and commercial gains ...
Publication : Interview
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Is Somalia’s hunger and homelessness crisis beyond hope?

2021
An ever-growing number of people across Somalia are leaving their homes to escape conflict and the impact of extreme weather events that have devastated ...
Publication : Interview
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Displaced by the Climate

2021
A Sky News analysis found that weather-related disasters in 2020 led to people in the poorest nations moving almost five times as often as those in richer ...
Publication : Chronicle
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Climate change and violent conflict in Mali

2021
  • Anab Ovidie Grand
Since May 2020, violent conflict has killed 2,070 people in Mali. Insecurity has forcibly displaced more than 300,000 people, of whom 56 per cent are ...
Publication : Fact sheet
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Fiche technique sur le climat, la paix et la sécurité au Mali

2021
Le Mali est un pays exposé aux variations du climat à court terme et aux changements climatiques à long terme en raison d’une forte vulnérabilité aux ...
Publication : Fact sheet

Fiche technique sur le climat, la paix et la sécurité au Sahel

2021
La région du Sahel est fortement exposée au changement climatique. Toutefois, en raison de facteurs relevant des contextes national et local, ce dernier ...
Publication : Fact sheet

Climate, Peace and Security Fact Sheet Mali

2021
Mali is characterised by short-term climate variability, and is vulnerable to long-term climate change due to high exposure to the adverse effects of ...
Publication : Op-ed

The impact of climate change on Africa’s peace and security

2021
The gradual rise in global temperatures, irregular rainfall and floods have indirect, complex and coherent implications for peace and security. On March ...
Publication : Op-ed

The Impact of Climate Change on Peace and Security in Somalia: Implications for AMISOM

2021
  • Anab Ovidie Grand
The February 2021 mandate renewal for the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) is an opportunity to review what we know about climate change and ...
Publication : Editorial

Climate, Peace and Security: The case of South Sudan

2021
The consequences of climate change can worsen South Sudan’s humanitarian crises and fragile security environment, marked by widespread communal conflict ...
Publication : Editorial
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UN Security Council to Discuss Climate-Related Conflict, But What Role Should It Play?

2021
Last month, the United Nations (UN) Secretary-General called the latest assessment report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) a ...
Publication : Editorial
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Why peace is important for COP and why COP26 is important for peace

2021
In the medium to long-term, the most effective prevention against the worst effects of climate change - including violent conflict over scarce resources ...
Publication : Fact sheet

Climate, Peace and Security Fact Sheet Sahel

2021
The Sahel region is highly exposed to climate change, but national and local factors mean that climate change will have differentiated impacts across ...
Publication : Kronikk

Emerging Lessons from Implementing Climate-Related Peace and Security Mandates

2021
Six of the ten largest United Nations-led peace operations in 2020 were located in countries that are the most exposed to climate change. Both UN peacekeeping ...
Publication : Kronikk

How climate insecurity could trigger more conflict in Somalia

2021
Climate change effects such as droughts, flash floods, erratic rainfall, disruption to the monsoon seasons, strong winds, cyclones, sandstorms, dust storms ...
Publication : Article
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Grappling with and Adapting to Climate Change in South Sudan

2022
Almost a decade since the conflict in South Sudan commenced, the conflict has become further fragmented, with indiscriminate violence across the country ...