Her finner du et utvalg av de nyeste publikasjonene fra konsortiets forskere:



Vitenskapelige artikler, bokkapitler og rapporter etc:

Augestad Knudsen, et al (2021). Internasjonal politikk og arven etter 11. september. Norsk Utenrikspolitisk Institutt. https://tidsskriftet-ip.no/index.php/intpol/article/view/3396/5667

Berntzen, L.E. & Bjørgo, T. (2021). Research note: The Term ‘Lone Wolf’ and its Alternatives: Patterns in Public and Academic Use from 2000 to 2020. Perspectives on Terrorism, 15(3), 132-141. https://www.universiteitleiden.nl/binaries/content/assets/customsites/perspectives-on-terrorism/2021/issue-3/berntzen-and-bjorgo.pdf

Berntzen, L.E. & Ravndal, J.A. (2021). Monster or Hero? Far-right Responses to Anders Behring Breivik and the July 22, 2011 Terrorist Attacks. Perspectives on Terrorism, 15(3). https://www.universiteitleiden.nl/binaries/content/assets/customsites/perspectives-on-terrorism/2021/issue-3/berntzen-and-ravndal.pdf 

Busher, J, Holbrook, D. & Macklin, G., (2021). ‘How the “internal brakes” on violent escalation work and fail: Towards a conceptual framework for understanding intra-group processes of restraint in militant groups,’ Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, published online 18 January 2021: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1057610X.2021.1872156

Bjørgo, T. & Jupskås, A.R. (2021). Special Issue: The Long-Term Impacts of the July 22, 2011 Attacks in Norway – Ten Years After. Perspectives on Terrorism, 15(3) https://www.universiteitleiden.nl/binaries/content/assets/customsites/perspectives-on-terrorism/2021/issue-3/volume-15-issue-3.pdf

Haugstvedt, H. (2021). The Right’s Time to Fly? Exploring the Possibility of Right-Wing Extremists’ Use of UAVs. The RUSI Journal, 166(1), 22-31. DOI: 10.1080/03071847.2021.1906161

Haugstvedt, Håvard (2021). A Flying Threat Coming to Sahel and East Africa? A Brief Review. Journal of Strategic Security (JSS). 14(1), s. 92–105. doi: 10.5038/1944-0472.14.1.1848.

Haugstvedt, Håvard & Gunnarsdottir, Hulda Mjöll (2021). Managing role expectations and emotions in encounters with extremism: Norwegian social workers’ experiences. Qualitative Social Work. doi: 10.1177/14733250211051410.

Haugstvedt, Håvard (2021). Wounding local hearts? Evidence from an empirical study of UAV attacks by state and non-state actors harming civilian populations. Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict. doi: 10.1080/17467586.2021.1983853.

Haugstvedt, Håvard & Koehler, Daniel (2021). Armed and Explosive? An Explorative Statistical Analysis of Extremist Radicalization Cases with Military Background. Terrorism and Political Violence. doi: 10.1080/09546553.2021.1957675.

Haugstvedt, Håvard & Sjøen, Martin Meggele (2021). Exploring Youths’ Willingness to Engage with Civil Society and Public Sector Institutions: The Untapped Potential of Religious Communities in Preventing Violent Extremism. Democracy and Security. doi: 10.1080/17419166.2021.1950383.

Kaakinen, M., Oksanen, A., Gadarian, S.K., Solheim, Ø.B., et al. (2021). Online Hate and Zeitgeist of Fear: A Five‐Country Longitudinal Analysis of Hate Exposure and Fear of Terrorism After the Paris Terrorist Attacks in 2015. Political Psychology. DOI: 10.1111/pops.12732.

Karlsrud, John (2021). Future of UN Peace Operations: UN Support Offices to Regional Counterterrorism Operations? Global Observatory. https://theglobalobservatory.org/2021/07/future-of-un-peace-operations-un-supportoffices-to-regional-counterterrorism-operations

Kunst, Jonas R.; Obaidi, Milan; Coenen, Ann-Cathrin; Vasseljen, Vilde D. & Gill, Paul (2021). What Makes a Terrorist? Muslims’ and non-Muslims’ Lay Perceptions of Risk Factors and Their Consequences for Counter-terrorism Policy Support. Terrorism and Political Violence. doi: 10.1080/09546553.2021.1967149

Lygren, S. & Ravndal, J.A. (2021). Why Reciprocal Intergroup Radicalisation Happened between Islamists and Anti-Islamists in Britain but Not in Norway. Terrorism and Political Violence. DOI: 10.1080/09546553.2021.1933957

Macklin, G. (2021). ‘“Praise the Saints” – The cumulative momentum of transnational Extreme Right Terrorism’ in Johannes Dafinger and Moritz Florin (eds.), A Transnational History of Right-Wing-Terrorism. Political Violence and the Far Right in Eastern and Western Europe since 1900 (Routledge: Abingdon 2022).

Macklin, G. (2021). ‘The plot to kidnap Michigan Governor Gretchen Whitmer,” CTC Sentinel – Combating Terrorism Center at West Point, vol. 14, no. 6, July/August 2021, pp. 1-15 [feature article]: https://ctc.usma.edu/theconspiracy-to-kidnap-governor-gretchen-whitmer/

Mølmen, Guri Nordtorp & Jacob Aasland Ravndal (2021). Mechanisms of online radicalisation: how the internet affects the radicalisation of extreme-right lone actor terrorists, Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression, DOI: 10.1080/19434472.2021.1993302

Ravndal, Jacob Aasland; Madeleine Thorstensen; Anders Ravik Jupskås & Graham Macklin (2021). RTV Trend Report 2021: Right Wing Terrorism and Violence in Western Europe, 1990 - 2020, C-REX Research Report No. 1/2021. https://www.sv.uio.no/c-rex/english/publications/c-rex-reports/2021/rtv-trend-report/c-rex-rtv-trend-report-2021.pdf

Ravndal, J.A. (2021). From Bombs to Books, and Back Again? Mapping Strategies of Right-Wing Revolutionary Resistance. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism. DOI: 10.1080/1057610X.2021.1907897

Rekawek, Kacper (2021). "Looks can be deceiving: Extremism meets paramilitarism in Central and Eastern Europe," Counter Extremism Project, June 2021.  https://www.counterextremism.com/sites/default/files/2021-06/CEP%20Report_Looks%20Can%20Be%20Deceiving_Extremism%20Meets%20Paramilitarism%20in%20CEE_June%202021_1.pdf

Solheim, Ø.B. & Jupskås, A.R. (2021). Consensus or Conflict? A Survey Analysis of how Norwegians Interpret the July 22, 2011 Attacks a Decade Later. Perspectives on Terrorism, 15(3), 109-131. https://www.universiteitleiden.nl/binaries/content/assets/customsites/perspectives-on-terrorism/2021/issue-3/solheim-and-jupskas.pdf

Steen-Johnsen, K., Solheim, Ø.B., Winsvold, M.S. & Enjolras, B. (2021). Tillit etter terror i Norge, Frankrike og Spania. Betydningen av narrativer og politisk kontekst. Norsk sosiologisk tidsskrift, 3(5), 12-27. DOI: 10.18261/issn.2535-2512-2021-03-02

Sjøen, Martin Meggele & Haugstvedt, Håvard (2021). Neither hard nor soft prevention - On the need to reconfigure contemporary counterterrorism towards smart prevention. I Castanier, Bruno; Cepin, Marko; Bigaud, David & Berenguer, Christophe (Red.), Proceedings of the 31st European Safety and Reliability Conference. Research Publishing Services. s. 498–503. doi: doi%3A10.3850/978-981-18-2016-8076-cd.

Thorleifsson, Cathrine (2021). From Cyberfascism to Terrorism: on 4chan/pol/ Culture and the Transnational Production of Memetic Violence. Nations and Nationalism. 1-16.

Utvalgte kronikker, blogginnlegg, nyhetsinnlegg etc:

Bolstad, G. (2021). Støres kontraterror-hodepine. Agenda Magasin. https://agendamagasin.no/debatt/stores-kontraterror-hodepine/

Ravndal, J.A. (2021). Do not let the fear of terror rule. Other dangers threaten democracy. RightNow! (July 13, 2021) https://www.sv.uio.no/c-rex/english/news-and-events/right-now/2021/do-not-let-the-fear-of-terror-rule.-other-dangers-.html (Også på norsk som kronikk i Aftenposten)

Rekawek, Kacper (2021). An effective ban on foreign fighting? Wider implications of the Czech policy towards foreign (terrorist) fighters. RightNow! (Sep. 20, 2021) https://www.sv.uio.no/c-rex/english/news-and-events/right-now/2021/an-effective-ban-on-foreign-fighting-wider-implica.html

Rupesinghe, Natasja (2021). The Sahel’s jihadists don’t all govern alike: context matters. The Conversation Africa. https://theconversation.com/the-sahels-jihadistsdont-all-govern-alike-context-matters-166998

Jupskås, Anders Ravik, og Øyvind Bugge Solheim (2021) Hvordan forstår nordmenn 22. juli-terroren i dag? Kronikk i VG 11. juni 2021. https://www.vg.no/nyheter/meninger/i/0KPVK0/hvordan-forstaar-nordmenn-22-juli-terroren-i-dag

Jupskås, Anders Ravik and Øyvind Bugge Solheim (2021). How do Norwegians interpret July 22 today? Right Now! (July 16, 2021) https://www.sv.uio.no/c-rex/english/news-and-events/right-now/2021/how-do-norwegians-interpret-july-22-today.html

Thorstensen, Madeleine and Jacob Aasland Ravndal (2021). Stable trends in unstable times: Right-wing terrorism and violence in Western Europe in 2020. RightNow! (Sep. 13, 2021) https://www.sv.uio.no/c-rex/english/news-and-events/right-now/2021/stable-trends-in-unstable-times-right-wing-violenc.html


Vitenskapelige artikler, bokkapitler og rapporter ect:

Augestad Knudsen, R., & Stormoen, Ole M. (2020). Risikovurderingsverktøy mot terrorisme og ekstremisme: Erfaringer fra kriminalomsorgen i Nederland, Storbritannia, og Sverige. NUPI Rapport.

Brigaglia, A., & Iocchi, A. (2020). Entangled Incidents: Nigeria in the Global War on Terror (1994–2009). African Conflict and Peacebuilding Review, 10(2), 10-42.

Busher, Joel and Tore Bjørgo (2020). Restraint in Terrorist Groups and Radical Milieus: Towards a Research Agenda. In: J. Busher & T. Bjørgo (2020): 2-13.

Bjørgo, Tore (2020). Borgervern mot migranter og minoriteter. Årbok 2019. Oslo: Det Norske Videnskaps-Akademi. (s. 139-148).

Bjørgo, Tore and Hanna Munden (2020). What explains why people join and leave far-right groups? In: Anders Ravik Jupskås and Eviane Leidig (Eds., 2020) Knowing what’s (far) right: A compendium.

Bøås, M., & Strazzari, F. (2020). Governance, Fragility and Insurgency in the Sahel: A Hybrid Political Order in the Making. The International Spectator, 55(4), 1-17.

Bøås, M., Cissé, A. W., & Mahamane, L. (2020). Explaining Violence in Tillabéri: Insurgent Appropriation of Local Grievances? The International Spectator, 55(4), 118-132.

Dalgaard-Nielsen, Anja; Haugstvedt, Håvard (2020). Bridging Wicked Problem and Violent Extremism Research - A research agenda for understanding and assessing local capacity to prevent violent extremism. C-REX Working Paper Series.

Dalgaard-Nielsen, Anja; Ravndal, Jacob Aasland; Renå, Helge; Ilum, Jakob; Hansen, Morten Løw; Eriksen, Jørn Rye; Ishaq, Bushra (2020). Evaluering av politiets og PSTs håndtering av terror­hendelsen i Bærum 10. august 2019. Oslo: Evalueringsutvalget 2020

Fangen, K., & Nilsen, M. R. (2020). Variations within the Norwegian far right: from neo-Nazism to anti-Islamism. Journal of Political Ideologies, 1-20.

Gjelsvik, I. M. (2020). Police reform and community policing in Kenya: The Bumpy road from policy to practice. Journal of Human Security, 16, (2), 19-30.

Gjelsvik, I. M. (2020). Closeness versus distance: Relational aspects of community policing. (ICT4COP Policy Brief #11-2020). Norges miljø- og biovitenskapelige universitet.

Gråtrud, Henrik “When Insularity Becomes a Problem: The Literature on Jihadism in Jordan,” Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 2020.

Hansen, David & Tore Bjørgo (2020). Extremist Offender Management in Norway. Chapter 8 in: Rajan Basra and Peter R. Neumann (2020). Extremist Offender Management in Europe: Country Reports. London: ICSR, King’s College London (pp. 65-76).

Haugstvedt, Håvard (2020). The role of social support for social workers engaged in preventing radicalization and violent extremism. Nordic Social Work Research DOI: 10.1080/2156857X.2020.1806102

Haugstvedt, Håvard (2020). Research Note: ‘How Can I Get Them Offstage?’ – Critical Reflections on a Researcher’s Approach to Qualitative Data Collection with Social Workers Involved in Preventing Violent Extremism in Norway. Journal for Deradicalization. June 2020.

Haugstvedt, Håvard and Tore Bjørgo (2020). What can democracies do to prevent extremist violence? In: Anders Ravik Jupskås and Eviane Leidig (Eds., 2020) Knowing what’s (far) right: A compendium.

Haugstvedt, Håvard & Jacobsen, Jan Otto (2020). Taking Fourth-Generation Warfare to the Skies? An Empirical Exploration of Non-State Actors’ Use of Weaponized Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs—‘Drones’) Perspectives on Terrorism. Vol. 14. Issue 5. pp. 26-40.

Hegghammer, Thomas “Afterword. The Uniqueness of Islamic State”, in Stephane J. Baele, Katharine A, Boyde, and Travis G. Coan, ISIS Propaganda: A Full-Spectrum Extremist Message (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2020)

Hegghammer, Thomas, book review, “Incitement: Anwar al-Awlaki’s Western Jihad. By Alexander Melagrou-Hitchens, (Harvard University Press, 2020)”, in War on the Rocks, 30 October 2020.

Hegghammer, Thomas, book review, “Jihadism Constrained: The Limits of Transnational Jihadism and What It Means for Counterterrorism, Barak Mendelsohn, (Rowman & Littlefield, 2019)”, in The Middle East Journal (2020).

Hegghammer, Thomas, “Weeping in Modern Jihadi Groups,” Journal of Islamic Studies, September 2020, Vol. 31, Issue 3.

Høigilt, J., & Selvik, K. (2020). Debating terrorism in a political transition: Journalism and democracy in Tunisia. International Communication Gazette, 82(7), 664-681.

Iocchi, A. (2020). The Dangers of Disconnection: Oscillations in Political Violence on Lake Chad. The International Spectator, 55(4), 84-99.

Jupskås, Anders Ravik og Tore Bjørgo (2020). 22. juli-angrepet: Fra avvik til vendepunkt for utviklingen av høyreekstrem terror. Aftenposten, kronikk 22. juli 2020.

Jupskås, Anders Ravik, Jacob Aasland Ravndal and Tore Bjørgo (2020). How Right-Wing Violence in Western Europe Changed in 2019. Right Now! June 4, 2020.

Jupskås, Anders Ravik; Leidig, Eviane (2020). Knowing what’s (far) right. A compendium. Oslo: C-REX Center for Research on Extremism.

Leidig, Eviane (2020). Hindutva as a variant of right-wing extremism. Patterns of Prejudice; Vol. 54(3) s. 215-237.

Macklin, Graham (co-author, 2020). Counter Extremism Project (CEP), Violent Right-Wing Extremism: Transnational Connectivity, Definitions, Incidents, Structures and Countermeasures (Counter Extremism Project November 2020). Commissioned by the German Federal Foreign Office.

Macklin, Graham (co-author, 2020). DARE (H2020 project), Case Studies of Interactive Radicalisation: United Kingdom (2020)

Macklin, Graham David (2020). Extreme Movements under Extreme Pressure – British Fascists and Uncertainty during World War Two. In: Minority Religions and Uncertainty. Routledge

Macklin, Graham David (2020). Failed Führers: A History of Britain’s Extreme Right. Routledge.

Macklin, Graham David (2020). The internal brakes on violent escalation within the British extreme right in the 1990s. Perspectives on Terrorism 2020 ; Vol. 14.(6) s. 148-161.

Macklin, Graham David; Busher, Joel; Ashe, Stephen D; Winter, Aaron (2020). Researching the Far Right: Theory, Method and Practice. Routledge.

Osland, K. M., & Erstad, H. U. (2020). The Fragility Dilemma and Divergent Security Complexes in the Sahel. The International Spectator, 55(4), 18-36.

Ravndal, Jacob Aasland (2020). Fra landssvik til «trollterror» – utviklingen i det norske høyreekstreme trusselbildet fra 1945 til 2019. Nytt Norsk Tidsskrift, Volum 37.(4) s. 355-368

Ravndal, Jacob Aasland (2020). The Emergence of Transnational Street Militancy: A Comparative Case Study of the Nordic Resistance Movement and Generation Identity. Journal for Deradicalization (25) s. 1-34

Ravndal, Jacob Aasland, Sofia Lygren, Anders Ravik Jupskås and Tore Bjørgo (2020). RTV Trend Report 2020: Right-Wing Terrorism and Violence in Western Europe, 1990 - 2019. Oslo: Center for Research on Extremism (C-REX).

Ravndal, Jacob Aasland; Jupskås, Anders Ravik (2020). Methods for mapping far right violence. I: Researching the Far Right: Theory, Method and Practice. Routledge 2020.

Thorleifsson, Cathrine (2020). Lone actors with shared ideas (chapter). I: Mainstreaming the Global Radical Right: CARR Yearbook 2019/20. Ibidem-Verlag

Stenersen, Anne, book review: “The Making of a Salafi Muslim Woman: Paths to Conversion”, by Anabel Inge, (Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2018)”, in Politics, Religion & Ideology, published online: 25 Aug 2020.

Skretting, Vidar “Al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghrib’s Expansion in the Sahara: New Insights from the Primary Sources”, Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, (2020)

Wilhelmsen, J. (2020). Exclusion and Inclusion. Perspectives on Terrorism, 14(2), 27-41.

Wilhelmsen, J., & Youngman, M. (2020). Violent mobilization and non-mobilization in the North Caucasus. Perspectives on Terrorism, 14(2), 2-10.

Annen formidling:

Bjørgo, Tore Bjørgo (2020). Hva får unge mennesker til å gå inn i voldelige ekstremistgrupper? Og hva gjør at noen kommer seg ut og videre i livet? Sommer i P2, radioprogram 11. juli 2020 (57 min.).

Macklin, Graham (2020). ‘Coronavirus and the Far Right: Seizing the Moment?’ Instituto per gli Studi di Politica Internazionale/Italian Institute for International Political Studies (ISPI), 15 May 2020.

Tranøy, Hans Peter; Jupskås, Anders Ravik (2020). Hvem er medlemmene i Sian? Vi spurte dem. Aftenposten.

Casola, C., & Iocchi, A. (2020). The “Faceless Evildoers” of Cabo Delgado: an Islamist Insurgency in Mozambique?. ISPI Commentaries.


C-REX, senter for ekstremismeforskning:

Artikler og rapporter

Bjørgo, Tore & Jacob Aasland Ravndal (2019). “Extreme-Right Violence and Terrorism: Concepts, Patterns, and Responses”. ICCT Policy Brief, September 2019. (DOI: 10.19165/2019.1.08) https://icct.nl/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/Extreme-Right-Violence-and-Terrorism-Concepts-Patterns-and-Responses.pdf

Bjørgo, Tore & Miroslav Mareš (eds., 2019). Vigilantism against Migrants and Minorities. Abingdon: Routledge. Open Access: https://doi.org/10.4324/9780429485619

Bjørgo, Tore (2019). “Right-Wing Extremism in Norway: Changes and Challenges”. Right Now! https://www.sv.uio.no/c-rex/english/news-and-events/right-now/right-wing-extremism-in-norway.html

Busher, Joel, Donald Holbrook, Graham David Macklin (2019). “The Internal Brakes on Violent Escalation: A Typology”. Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression, volume 11(1), p. 3-25.

Haugstvedt, Håvard (2019). “Trusting the Mistrusted: Norwegian Social Workers’ Strategies in Preventing Radicalization and Violent Extremism”. Journal for Deradicalization, 19, pp. 149-184.

Macklin, Graham (2019). “The Christchurch attacks: Livestream terror in the Viral Video Age”. CTC Sentinel 12 (6), p. 18-29.

Macklin, Graham (2019). “The El Paso Terrorist Attack: The Chain Reaction of Global Right-Wing Terror”. CTC Sentinel 12 (11), p. 1-9.

Macklin, Graham (2019). “The Evolution of Extreme-Right Terrorism and Efforts to Counter it in the United Kingdom”. CTC Sentinel 12(1), p. 15-20.

Macklin, Graham, Joel Busher, Donald Holbrook (2019). “Explaining non- or limited escalation of violence: the role of ‘internal brakes’”. Crest Security Review 2019 (9), p. 22-25.

Macklin, Graham, Joel Busher, Donald Holbrook (2019). "The Internal Brakes on Violent Escalation: A Descriptive Typology". https://crestresearch.ac.uk/resources/internal-brakes-full-report/  Centre for Research and Evidence on Security Threats (CREST) 108 p.

Obaidi, Milan, Robin Bergh, Nazar Akrami, & Gulnaz Anjum (2019). “Group-Based Relative Deprivation Explains Endorsement of Extremism Among Western-Born Muslims”. Psychological Science, doi: 10.1177/0956797619834879

Ravndal, Jacob Aasland (2019). “Transnational Militancy in the Making: A Primer on the Nordic Resistance Movement and Generation Identity”. C-REX Working Paper Series, No. 1/2019. URL: https://www.sv.uio.no/c-rex/english/publications/c-rex-working-paper-series/transnational-militancy-in-the-making.pdf

Tahir, Hajra, Jonas R. Kunst, & Sam, David Lackland (2019). “Threat, anti-western hostility and violence among European muslims: The mediating role of acculturation”. International Journal of Intercultural Relations 73, pp. 74- 88. doi: 10.1016/j.ijintrel.2019.08.001


Bjørgo, Tore and Ingvild Magnæs Gjelsvik (2019b). «Sheep in wolf’s clothing? The taming of the Soldiers of Odin in Norway”. Chapter 17 in Bjørgo & Mareš (eds., 2019), Vigilantism against Migrants and Minorities. Abingdon: Routledge.

Bjørgo, Tore and Miroslav Mareš (2019b). “Comparative perspectives on vigilantism against migrants and minorities”. Chapter 19 in Bjørgo & Mareš (eds., 2019), Vigilantism against Migrants and Minorities. Abingdon: Routledge.

Gattinara, Pietro Castelli (2019). “Beyond the Hand of the State: Vigilantism Against Migrants and Refugees in France”, in Bjørgo & Mareš (eds., 2019). Vigilantism against Migrants and Minorities. Abingdon: Routledge.

Gattinara, Pietro Castelli (2019). “Forza Nuova and the Security Walks: Squadrismo and Neo-Fascist Vigilantism in Italy”, in: Bjørgo & Mareš (eds., 2019). Vigilantism against Migrants and Minorities. Abingdon: Routledge.

Gjelsvik, Ingvild & Tore Bjørgo (2019). «Politiets forebyggende arbeid mot radikalisering og ekstremisme», i Stian Lid & Geir Heierstad (red.), Forebygging av radikalisering og voldelig ekstremisme. Norske handlemåter i møte med terror. Oslo: Gyldendal.

Mareš, Miroslav and Tore Bjørgo (2019). “Vigilantism against migrants and minorities: Concepts and goals of current research”. Chapter 1 in Bjørgo & Mareš (eds., 2019). Vigilantism against Migrants and Minorities. Abingdon: Routledge.

Forsvarets forskningsinstitutt (FFI):


Nesser, Petter, “The International Context of UK Radicalisation Threats,” in (ed.) Anthony Richards, Jihadist Terror New Threats, New Responses (London: Bloomsbury, 2019).

Stenersen, Anne, “Improved terrorist practical learning potentials from internet-based platforms,” in (ed.) Anthony Richards, Jihadist Terror New Threats, New Responses (London: Bloomsbury, 2019).


Hegghammer Thomas, “Skandinavias første jihadister,” Babylon nr. 2 (2018)

Lia, Brynjar, “Muhajirat-fenomenet: Hvordan ble kvinner fra Europa rekruttert til ISIL, og hva var deres rolle i Kalifatet? ”, Nytt Norsk Tidsskrift 36, nr. 2 (2019).

Nesser, Petter og Henrik Gråtrud, “When Conflicts Do Not Overspill: The Case of Jordan,” in Perspectives on Politics, December 2019.

Stenersen, Anne. “Oversettere i jihadismens tjeneste”, Mellom- Tidsskrift for omsett litteratur nr. 1/2019.

Tønnessen, Truls, ed. (2019). Special Issue on Jihadism after the Caliphate. Perspectives on Terrorism 13, no. 1.

Tønnessen, Truls (2019): “The Islamic State after the Caliphate,” Perspectives on Terrorism 13, no. 1.

Andre publikasjoner

Nesser, Petter, “Military Interventions, Jihadi Networks, and Terrorist Entrepreneurs: How the Islamic State Terror Wave Rose So High in Europe,” CTC Sentinel, March 2019, Vol. 12, Issue 3.

Stenersen, Anne, “Understanding state formation in civil wars. Jihad & Co.: Black Markets and Islamist Power”. By Aisha Ahmad. New York: Oxford University Press, 2017. 336p. £21.99 cloth. Perspectives on Politics, Vol. 17, Issue 2 (2019).

Norsk Utenrikspolitisk Institutt:

Artikler og rapporter

Bøås, Morten. "Studying Insurgencies." Interdisciplinary Political Studies 5, no. 1 (2019): 7-22.

Gade, Tine. "Together all the way? Abeyance and co-optation of Sunni networks in Lebanon." Social Movement Studies 18, no. 1 (2019): 56-77.

Gade, Tine. “Islam keeping violent Jihadism at bay in times of Daesh: state religious institutions in Lebanon, Morocco and Saudi Arabia since 2013”. 2019. Research Project Report RSCAS/Middle East Directions;2019/04.

Høigilt, Jacob, and Kjetil Selvik. "Debating terrorism in a political transition: Journalism and democracy in Tunisia." International Communication Gazette (2020): 1748048519897519.

Rupesinghe, Natasja, and Morten Bøås. "Local Drivers of Violent Extremism in Central Mali." (2019). NUPI/UNDP Policy Brief.


Bjørgo, Tore & Jacob Aasland Ravndal (2019). “Extreme-Right Violence and Terrorism: Concepts, Patterns, and Responses”. ICCT Policy Brief, September 2019. (DOI: 10.19165/2019.1.08) https://icct.nl/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/Extreme-Right-Violence-and-Terrorism-Concepts-Patterns-and-Responses.pdf

Bjørgo, Tore & Miroslav Mareš (eds., 2019). Vigilantism against Migrants and Minorities. Abingdon: Routledge.

Bjørgo, Tore and Ingvild Magnæs Gjelsvik (2019b). “Sheep in wolf’s clothing?: The taming of the Soldiers of Odin in Norway”. Chapter 17 in Bjørgo and Mareš (eds., 2019).

Gjelsvik, Ingvild & Tore Bjørgo (2019). Politiets forebyggende arbeid mot radikalisering og ekstremisme. I: Stian Lid & Geir Heierstad (red.). Forebygging av radikalisering og voldelig ekstremisme. Norske handlemåter i møte med terror. Oslo: Gyldendal.

Gjelsvik, I. M. (2019). Disengaging from violent extremism: the case of Al-Shabaab in Somalia. conflict trends, 2019(1), 12-19. https://www.accord.org.za/conflict-trends/disengaging-from-violent-extremism/

Gjelsvik, I. M. (2019). Should I stay or should I go? Security considerations for members leaving al-Shabaab in Somalia. NUPI Policy Brief(4). https://www.nupi.no/en/Publications/CRIStin-Pub/Should-I-stay-or-should-I-go-Security-considerations-for-members-leaving-al-Shabaab-in-Somalia


Practises in Interagency Collaboration against Violent Extremism at the City Level (Panel on "Nordic Multiagency Approaches to Handling Extremism"), med Tore Bjørgo, Nordic Conference on Violent extremism 2019, Aarhus universitet, 31. Oktober 2019.

Phd. avhandling:

Hemmingby, Cato (2019). «Terrorists and Targets: A Relationship Founded on Bad Intentions, Limited Capacities and Risk Willingness”, phd.-avhandling ved Universitetet i Stavanger.

Fra 2018:

C-REX, senter for ekstremismeforskning

Artikler og rapporter

Berntzen, Lars Erik & Manès Weisskircher (2018), “Remaining on the Streets: Anti-Islamic PEGIDA Mobilization and its Relationship to Far Right Party Politics”, In Manuela Caiani & Ondřej Císař (ed.), Radical Right 'Movement Parties' in Europe.  Routledge.

Berntzen, Lars Erik (2018), “Ytre høyre: ideologier, grupper, vold og rekruttering”, i Ellen Christine Reiss & Linda Noor (red.), Radikalisering: fenomen og forebygging.  Minotenk / Frekk forlag, p. 74 – 93.

Bjørgo, Tore (2018), “Disengagement from terrorism", i Overland, G. Salomonsen, J., Andersen,

A.J., Førde, K.E & Grødum, K. (Eds) (2018). Violent Extremism in the 21st Century: International Perspectives. Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing (p. 2-14).

Bjørgo, Tore and Andrew Silke (2018), “Root Causes of Terrorism”, i Andrew Silke (ed.), Routledge Handbook of Terrorism and Counterterrorism. London and New York: Routledge.

Busher, Joel, Donald Holbrook and Graham Macklin (2018), “The Internal Brakes on Violent Escalation: A Typology,’ Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression, published online 10 December 2018: https://doi.org/10.1080/19434472.2018.1551918

Busher, Joel, Gareth Harris and Graham Macklin (2018), “Chicken suits and other aspects of situated credibility contests: Explaining local trajectories of anti-minority activism”, Social Movement Studies, published online 15 October 2018: https://doi.org/10.1080/14742837.2018.1530978

Castelli Gattinara, Pietro, Francis O’Connor, and Lasse Lindekilde (2018), “No Country for Acting Alone? The Neo-Fascist Movement and Lone-Actor Terrorist Attacks in Italy”, Perspectives on Terrorism, 7(6): 136-149.

Christensen, Tine Wilchen og Tore Bjørgo (2018). Hvordan håndtere hjemvendte fremmedkrigere og andre syriafarere? Tiltak for ivaretakelse og oppfølging. Oslo: C-REX Research Report No. 1/2018. Finnes også i engelsk utgave: https://www.sv.uio.no/c-rex/english/publications/c-rex-reports/hjemvendte-fremmedkrigere-c-rex-report-1-2018.pdf

Døving, Cora Alexa og Terje Emberland (2018), “Konspirasjonsteorier i det ytterliggående høyrelandskapet i Norge, i Høyreekstremisme i Norge: Utviklingstrekk, konspirasjonsteorier og forebyggingsstrategier, PHS Rapport, red. Tore Bjørgo.

Enstad, Johannes Due (2018). “The Modus Operandi of Right-Wing Militants in Putin’s Russia, 2000-2017”, Perspectives on Terrorism, 7(6): 89-103.

Gjelsvik, Ingvild Magnæs og Tore Bjørgo (2018) “Politiets virkemidler og rolle i forebygging av høyreekstremisme”, i Høyreekstremisme i Norge: Utviklingstrekk, konspirasjonsteorier og forebyggingsstrategier, PHS Rapport, red. Tore Bjørgo.

Haanshuus, Birgitte P. (2018) “Fra gata til data? Ytre høyres aktivisme på internett og sosiale medier”, i Høyreekstremisme i Norge: Utviklingstrekk, konspirasjonsteorier og forebyggingsstrategier, PHS Rapport, red. Tore Bjørgo.

Hemmingby, Cato and Tore Bjørgo (2018) “Terrorist Target Selection: The Case of Anders Behring Breivik”, Perspectives on Terrorism, 7(6): 164-176.

Larsen, Chris Holmsted (2018) Højreekstremisme i Danmark. Udvikling, radikaliseringsprocesserne og håndteringen af den ekstreme højrefløj. Trygfonden og CERTA, 50 s. https://stærkefællesskaber.dk/analyser/.

Macklin, Graham David (2018), "There's a vital lesson here. Let's make sure we learn it": transnational mobilisation and the impact of Greece's Golden Dawn upon extreme right activism in Britain”, in ‘Tomorrow Belongs to Us’: The British Far Right since 1967, Routledge, s.185-207.

Macklin, Graham David (2018), ‘“Only bullets can stop us!” The banning of National Action in Britain”, Perspectives on Terrorism, vol. 12, no. 6, December 2018, pp. 104-122.

Ravndal, Jacob Aasland (2018), “Right-wing Terrorism and Militancy in the Nordic Countries: A Comparative Case Study”, Terrorism and Political Violence, 30(5): 772-792.

Ravndal, Jacob Aasland and Tore Bjørgo (2018), “Investigating Terror From the Extreme Right: A Review of Past and Present Research”, Perspectives on Terrorism, 7(6): 5-23.

Ravndal, Jacob and Tore Bjørgo (guest editors, 2018). Right-Wing Terrorism and Modus Operandi. Special issue of Perspectives on Terrorism, Vol. 7, No. 6. https://www.universiteitleiden.nl/binaries/content/assets/customsites/perspectives-on-terrorism/2018/issue-6/pot-xii-6.pdf

Pirro, Andrea L. P.; Castelli Gattinara, Pietro (2018), “Movement parties of the far right: The organization and strategies of nativist collective actors”, Mobilization 2018, volume 23 (3) s.367-383.

Poppi, Fabio M.; Castelli Gattinara, Pietro (2018), “Aliud pro alio Context and narratives within a neo-Nazi community of practice”, Journal of Language and Politics 2018 ;Volume 17(4), s.552-572

Phd. avhandling:

Berntzen, Lars Erik (2018). The Anti-Islamic Movement: Far Right and Liberal? PhD thesis, European University Institute.

Kronikker, blogg-innlegg o.l.

Bjørgo, Tore (2018). Høyreekstremisme er ikke lenger et ungdomsproblem, miljøene består nesten utelukkende av voksne. Forskning.no 22. oktober 2018. https://forskning.no/politikk-samfunn-kronikk/hoyreekstremisme-er-ikke-lenger-et-ungdomsproblem-miljoene-bestar-nesten-utelukkende-av-voksne/1251264

Castelli Gattinara, Pietro and F. O’Connor (2018). «An Italian neo-fascist shot 6 immigrants. So why won’t Italy’s political parties condemn xenophobia? » MonkeyCage, The Washington Post (09/02/2018) Link

Enstad, Johannes Due: "The strange decline of antisemitism in Russia", The Restless Russianist, 13.1.2018, www.restlessrussianist.com/2018/01/13/the-strange-decline-of-antisemitism-in-russia/

Enstad, Johannes Due: "Bookish National Socialists", The Restless Russianist, 31.1.2018, www.restlessrussianist.com/2018/01/31/bookish-national-socialists/ 

Enstad, Johannes Due: "Neo-Nazis behind the Iron Curtain", The Restless Russianist, 26.2.2018, www.restlessrussianist.com/2018/02/26/first/

Ravndal, Jacob Aasland & Tore Bjørgo (16 February 2018). Hva er problemet med Den nordiske motstandsbevegelsen?. Aftenposten.

Forsvarets forskningsinstitutt:


Nesser, Petter (2018). Islamist Terrorism in Europe. 2nd edition. Oxford University Press


Hegghammer, Thomas. (2018) “Jihadi Weeping,” in Sabine Schmidtke, ed., Studying the Near and Middle East at the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, 1936-2017 (Piscataway, NJ: Gorgias Press,): 505-514

Lia, Brynjar. (2018) “Islamistisk ekstremisme - en innføring,”in Ellen Reiss and Linda Noor, eds., Radikalisering: fenomen og forebygging (Oslo: Minotenk/Frekk forlag,): 93-103.

Tønnessen, Truls Hallberg. (2018) “The Group that Wanted to Be a State – The Rebel Governance of the Islamic State,” in Paola Rivetti and Hendrik Kraetzschmar, eds., Islamists and the Politics of the Arab Uprisings: Governance, Pluralisation and Contention (Edinburgh University Press)

Tønnessen, Truls Hallberg (2018), “Brennpunkt Bagdad,” in Nils Butenschøn and Rania Maktabi, eds., Brennpunkt Midtøsten (Oslo: Universitetsforlaget,)


Stenersen, Anne (with Farhan Zahid) (2018), “Jahiliyya, Jihad and the Islamic State: Abul A‘la Mawdudi’s Impact on Modern Jihadism,” Pakistan Journal of History and Culture, Vol.XXXIX, No.1,: 37-60.

Stenersen, Anne. (2018) “Jihadism after the ‘Caliphate’: towards a new typology,” British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies.

Kronikker, blogg-innlegg o.l.

Tønnessen, Truls (2018), “IS har tapt krigen, men lever videre i ruinene”, Forsvarets Forum 2, 2018.

Nesser, Petter (2018), “Europa har ikke vunnet krigen mot terror», Aftenposten, 14. desember 2018

Hegghammer, Thomas (2018), "Europe to Terrorists: It’s No More Monsieur Nice Guy", Wall Street Journal, 7. Oktober.

Hegghammer, Thomas (2018), “Bibliography on jihadism in Scandinavia v1.1”, www.hegghammer.com, 29. October.



Bøås, Morten (2018), “Erbil. Kurderne utfordrer regionens stater”, in Nils Butenschøn and Rania Maktabi, eds., Brennpunkt Midtøsten (Oslo: Universitetsforlaget,)

Gade, Tine & Morten Bøås (2018), Pathways to Reconciliation in Divided Societies: Islamist Groups in Lebanon and Mali. In: Salamey I., Abu-Nimer M., Abouaoun E. (eds) Post-Conflict Power-Sharing Agreements. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham

Gade, Tine (2018), “The Reconfiguration of Clientelism and the Failure of Vote Buying in Lebanon”, i Clientelism and Patronage in the Middle East and North Africa: Networks of Dependency, eds. Laura Ruiz de ElviraChristoph H. Schwarz, Irene Weipert-Fenner, Routledge.

Karlsrud, J. (2018), “UN Stabilization Operations, Violent Extremism, and Counter-Terrorism”, i The UN at War, Palgrave Macmillan.

Wilhelmsen, Julie (2018), “Russian Gorvernance of the North Caucasus: Dilemmas of Force and Inclusion”, in Security, Society and the State in the Caucasus, eds. D. Averre & K. Oskanian.

Artikler og rapporter

Bøas, M. (2018), Rival Priorities in the Sahel: Finding the Balance between Security and Development, Uppsala: The Nordic Africa Institute (Policy Note No. 3:2018).

Friis, Karsten, Lars Gjesvik, Lilly Pijnenburg Müller (2018), “Cyber-weapons in International Politics: Possible sabotage against the Norwegian petroleum sector”, NUPI report 2018:3, Norsk Utenrikspolitisk Institutt.

Knudsen, Rita Augestad (2018), “Measuring radicalisation: risk assessment conceptualisations and practice in England and Wales”, Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression, DOI: 10.1080/19434472.2018.1509105

Wilhelmsen, Julie (2018), ‘Inside Russia’s Imperial Relations: The Social Constitution of Putin-Kadyrov Patronage’ Slavic Review Vol. 77, Winter 2018.

Kronikker, blogg-innlegg o.l

Erstad, Henriette U. (2018), ‘Militser inntar regjeringskontorene i Irak’ Aftenposten Meninger, 21. juni.

Erstad, Henriette U. (2018), ‘Dei mektige militsane i Irak’, NUPI Hvor hender det? No. 9, Oslo: Norsk Utenrikspolitisk Institutt.

Stormoen, Ole Martin & Henriette U. Erstad (2018), ‘EU kan avverge et blodbad i Idlib’, Dagbladet, 28. september.

Stormoen, Ole Martin & Henriette U. Erstad (2018), ‘Hvorfor er det krig i Syria?’ NUPI Hvor hender det? No. 14, Oslo: Norsk Utenrikspolitisk Institutt.



Haller, M. B., Solhjell, R., Saarikkomäki, E., Kolind, T., Hunt, G. & Wästerfors, D. (2018), “Minor harassments: Ethnic minority youth in the Nordic countries and their perceptions of the police”, Criminology & Criminal Justice, doi: 10.1177/1748895818800744

Hemmingby, Cato and Tore Bjørgo (2018), “Terrorist Target Selection: The Case of Anders Behring Breivik”, Perspectives on Terrorism, Vol. 7, No. 6. (Special issue on “Right-wing terrorism and modus operandi”, edited by Jacob Aasland Ravndal and Tore Bjørgo).

Solhjell, R. E. Saarikkomäki, M. B. Haller, D. Wästerfors, T. Kolind (2018), “‘We are Seen as a Threat’: Police Stops of Young Ethnic Minorities in the Nordic Countries”, Critical Criminology https://doi.org/10.1007/s10612-018-9408-9


Bjørgo, T. (Red.). (2018), Høyreekstremisme i Norge: Utviklingstrekk, konspirasjonsteorier og Forebyggingsstrategier, PHS Forskning: 2018: 4.

Bjørgo, Tore and Emilie Silkoset (2018), Threats and threatening approaches to politicians: A survey of Norwegian parliamentarians and cabinet ministers. Oslo: Norwegian Police University College. PHS Forskning 2018:5 (English edition of Bjørgo & Silkoset 2017).

Egge, M. & R. Solhjell (2018), “Parallellsamfunn: En del av den norske virkeligheten?” [Parallel societies: A part of the Norwegian society?]. Oslo: The Norwegian Police University College.

Phd. avhandling:

Hemmingby, Cato, “Terrorists and Targets - A Relationship Founded on Bad Intentions, Limited Capacities and Risk Willingness”. Submitted PhD thesis, University of Stavanger.

Fra 2017:

Ravndal, J.A. (2017) "Explaining right-wing terrorism and violence in Western Wurope: Grievances, oppurtunities and polarisation", European Journal of Political Research.

Stenersen, Anne (2017) Al-Qaida in Afghanistan. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Stenersen, Anne (2017) "Thirty Years After its Foundation: Where is Al-Qaida Going?", Perspectives on Terrorism 11:6.

Knudsen, Rita Augestad (2017) "Radicalisation and foreign fighters in the Kosovo context: an analysis of international media coverage of the phenomena", NUPI Working Paper

Hegghammer, Thomas (ed.) (2017) Jihadi Culture: The Art and Social Practices of Militant Islamists. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Hemmingby, Cato (2017) "Exploring the continuum of lethality: Militant islamists' targeting preferences in Europe", Perspectives on Terrorism 11:5.

Hegghammer, Thomas & Andreas Dæhli (2017) "Insiders and Outsiders: A Survey of Terrorist Threats to Nuclear Facilities" in Bunn & Sagan (eds.), Insider Threats (Cornell University Press)

Strazzari, Francesco (2017) “Organised crime in fragile states: Africa’s variations” (with L. Raineri), EUISS Brief n. 8.

Wolff, Elisabetta C. (2016) 'Evola's interpretation of fascism and moral responsibility', Patterns of Prejudice 50(4-5), pp 478- 494.

Hegghammer, Thomas (2016) 'The Future of Jihadism in Europe: A Pessimistic View', Perspectives on Terrorism 10:6.

Nesser, P., Anne Stenersen & Emilie Oftedal (2016). 'Jihadi terrorism in Europe: The IS Effect', Perspectives on terrorism 10:6.

Hemmingby, Cato. & Tore Bjørgo (2016). The dynamics of a terror targeting process: Anders B. Breivik and the 22 July Attacks in Norway. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Ravndal, J. A. (2016). 'Right-wing terrorism and violence in Western Europe: Introducing the RTV Dataset', Perspectives on terrorism 10:3.

Strazzari, Francesco (2015) "Foreign Fighters as a Challenge for International Relations Theory," in A. de Guttry, F. Capone and C. Paulussen (eds.), Foreign Fighters under International Law and Beyond, ASSER/Springer Verlag, pp. 49-62. 

Strazzari, Francesco (2015) “State, Secession and Jihad: The Micro-polical Economy of Conflict in North Mali (with L. Raineri), African Security, Vol. 8, No. 4, pp. 249-271.

Bjørgo, T., & Ingvild M. Gjelsvik (2015). Forskning på forebygging av radikalisering og voldelig ekstremisme: En kunnskapsstatus.