Energy Transition in Central Asia: A Systematic Literature Review

Academic chapter
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Asia  Energi
Written by

Indra Øverland

Forsker I, Leder for Forskningsgruppen for klima og energi


Rahat Sabyrbekov

Post-Doc Researcher, EUCAM Head of Center for NUPI OSCE Academy


While there is abundant research on the expansion of renewable energy in developed countries, little attention has been paid to the decarbonisation of energy systems in Central Asia, despite the region’s vulnerability to climate change, its rapidly growing domestic energy demand and the abundance of natural resources essential for the energy transition. Based on a systematic review of the literature, this chapter provides a comprehensive overview of the profile and trajectory of research on energy in Central Asia between 1991 and 2022. It finds that there was a shift from focusing on fossil fuels to clean energy around 2019–2020. However, despite recent growth, research on renewables and their significance in Central Asia is still sparse. This review indicates that while American and European researchers took the lead in this field in 2012, China, Japan, Kazakhstan and Russia have emerged as the leading contributors since 2016.