Solving Europe’s Defense Dilemma: Overcoming the Challenges to European Defense Cooperation

CSIS Brief
Screenshot 2023-03-13 at 12.56.36.png
Europa  Forsvar  Russland og Eurasia  NATO  EU
Written by

Sean Monaghan

Gjesteforsker, CSIS


Russia’s war of aggression in Ukraine has led to a transformational moment for European defense. However, Europe has a dilemma: it is spending more on defense but cooperating less—all despite three decades of political initiatives designed to improve European defense cooperation.